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Offers a comprehensive overview of the periodic table, exploring the importance of both the periodic table and the elements themselves as well as how the elements have been interpreted by chemists and philosophers throughout history.
The periodic table is one of the most potent icons in science. It lies at the core of chemistry and embodies the most fundamental principles of the field. The one definitive text on the development of the periodic table by van Spronsen (1969), has been out of print for a considerable time. The present book provides a successor to van Spronsen, but goes further in giving an evaluation of the extent to which modern physics has, or has not, explained the periodic system. The book is written in a lively style to appeal to experts and interested lay-persons alike. The Periodic Table begins with an overview of the importance of the periodic table and of the elements and it examines the manner in which the term 'element' has been interpreted by chemists and philosophers. The book then turns to a systematic account of the early developments that led to the classification of the elements including the work of Lavoisier, Boyle and Dalton and Cannizzaro. The precursors to the periodic system, like D?bereiner and Gmelin, are discussed. In chapter 3 the discovery of the periodic system by six independent scientists is examined in detail. Two chapters are devoted to the discoveries of Mendeleev, the leading discoverer, including his predictions of new elements and his accommodation of already existing elements. Chapters 6 and 7 consider the impact of physics including the discoveries of radioactivity and isotopy and successive theories of the electron including Bohr's quantum theoretical approach. Chapter 8 discusses the response to the new physical theories by chemists such as Lewis and Bury who were able to draw on detailed chemical knowledge to correct some of the early electronic configurations published by Bohr and others. Chapter 9 provides a critical analysis of the extent to which modern quantum mechanics is, or is not, able to explain the periodic system from first principles. Finally, chapter 10 considers the way that the elements evolved following the Big Bang and in the interior of stars. The book closes with an examination of further chemical aspects including lesser known trends within the periodic system such as the knight's move relationship and secondary periodicity, as well at attempts to explain such trends.
The periodic table is one of the most potent icons in science. It lies at the core of chemistry and embodies the most fundamental principles of the field. The one definitive text on the development of the periodic table by van Spronsen (1969), has been out of print for a considerable time. The present book provides a successor to van Spronsen, but goes further in giving an evaluation of the extent to which modern physics has, or has not, explained the periodic system. The book is written in a lively style to appeal to experts and interested lay-persons alike. The Periodic Table begins with an overview of the importance of the periodic table and of the elements and it examines the manner in which the term 'element' has been interpreted by chemists and philosophers. The book then turns to a systematic account of the early developments that led to the classification of the elements including the work of Lavoisier, Boyle and Dalton and Cannizzaro. The precursors to the periodic system, like D?bereiner and Gmelin, are discussed. In chapter 3 the discovery of the periodic system by six independent scientists is examined in detail. Two chapters are devoted to the discoveries of Mendeleev, the leading discoverer, including his predictions of new elements and his accommodation of already existing elements. Chapters 6 and 7 consider the impact of physics including the discoveries of radioactivity and isotopy and successive theories of the electron including Bohr's quantum theoretical approach. Chapter 8 discusses the response to the new physical theories by chemists such as Lewis and Bury who were able to draw on detailed chemical knowledge to correct some of the early electronic configurations published by Bohr and others. Chapter 9 provides a critical analysis of the extent to which modern quantum mechanics is, or is not, able to explain the periodic system from first principles. Finally, chapter 10 considers the way that the elements evolved following the Big Bang and in the interior of stars. The book closes with an examination of further chemical aspects including lesser known trends within the periodic system such as the knight's move relationship and secondary periodicity, as well at attempts to explain such trends.
Here, Eric Scerri looks at the trends in properties of elements that led to the construction of the periodic table, and how the deeper meaning of its structure gradually became apparent with the development of atomic theory and quantum mechanics, so that, as Scerri puts it, one science, physics, arguably came to colonize another, chemistry, although such a view is resisted by chemists. Scerri shows that quantum mechanics is absolutely central to chemistry, as it underlies the behaviour of all of the elements and their compounds, and therefore underpins the structure of the periodic table. Concluding with an overview of the huge variety of periodic tables that have been proposed in the print media and on the Internet, he explores the debated question of whether there is an optimal periodic table and what form it might take. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Discover all of the fundamental topics of general chemistry in the latest edition of this brief, cost-effective, reader- oriented text. Masterton/Hurley’s CHEMISTRY: PRINCIPLES AND REACTIONS, 6e, provides a clear, concise presentation based on the authors’ more than 50 years of combined teaching experience. This edition takes you directly to the crux of concepts with simplicity and allows you to efficiently cover all topics found in the typical general chemistry book. New and proven concept-driven examples as well as examples that focus on molecular reasoning and understanding provide important practice. New Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom essays by guest authors demonstrate the relevance of the concepts you are learning and highlight some of the most up-to-date uses of chemistry. A strong, enhanced art program further assists you in visualizing chemical concepts. For the first time, this edition fully integrates OWL (Online Web-based Learning), the homework management system trusted by tens of thousands of students. Integrated end-of-chapter questions and Key Concepts correlate to OWL. An optional e-book of this edition is also available in OWL. To further assist in learning and depth of coverage, the book offers CengageNOWTM, a Web-based student self- tutorial program. In addition, Go ChemistryTM learning modules developed by award-winning chemists offer mini- lectures and learning tools available for video iPods, MP3 players, and iTunes or CengageNOWTM to accommodate students like you who are on the go. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
In A Tale of Seven Elements, Eric Scerri presents the fascinating history of those seven elements discovered to be mysteriously "missing" from the periodic table in 1913.
Revised to help students obtain a higher level of understanding of general chemistry concepts, CHEMISTRY & CHEMICAL REACTIVITY, 7th Edition provides the most robust homework/assessment tools ever offered in chemistry. The Enhanced Review Edition combines the text's signature logical organization, macro to micro orientation, and superior art program with new exam preparation sections designed to help students better prepare for multiple chapter examinations. Let's Review sections present study tips, key points lists, and new exam-type questions for multiple chapters grouped according to where most exams occur in the course. The Enhanced Review Edition includes the same integration of media as the standard edition, which includes hundreds of guided simulations, animations, video clips, and a personal tutor. Online Web-based Learning (OWL) is a fully customizable homework system with an optional e-book that maximizes study time and your options for assignments and is available for separate purchase or in a package with your text. Additional more challenging end-of-chapter study questions, which are fully assignable in OWL, give you more choices. And for the student on the go, the new Go Chemistry mini video lectures and flash cards provide the perfect quick review. Quality writing, seamless technology integration, and a rich ancillary package remain the hallmarks of the text. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.