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Offers a comprehensive overview of the periodic table, exploring the importance of both the periodic table and the elements themselves as well as how the elements have been interpreted by chemists and philosophers throughout history.
Here, Eric Scerri looks at the trends in properties of elements that led to the construction of the periodic table, and how the deeper meaning of its structure gradually became apparent with the development of atomic theory and quantum mechanics, so that, as Scerri puts it, one science, physics, arguably came to colonize another, chemistry, although such a view is resisted by chemists. Scerri shows that quantum mechanics is absolutely central to chemistry, as it underlies the behaviour of all of the elements and their compounds, and therefore underpins the structure of the periodic table. Concluding with an overview of the huge variety of periodic tables that have been proposed in the print media and on the Internet, he explores the debated question of whether there is an optimal periodic table and what form it might take. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
In A Tale of Seven Elements, Eric Scerri presents the fascinating history of those seven elements discovered to be mysteriously "missing" from the periodic table in 1913.
This book represents a collection of papers from one of the founders of the new Philosophy of Chemistry. It is only the second single-author collection of papers on the Philosophy of Chemistry. The author is the editor-in-chief of Foundations of Chemistry, the leading journal in the field. He has recently gained worldwide success with his book on the periodic table of the elements titled The Periodic Table: Its Story and Its Significance. This volume provides an in-depth examination of his more philosophical and historical work in this area and further afield. Contents:Philosophy of Chemistry and the Question of Reduction:The Case for Philosophy of ChemistryPrediction of the Nature of Hafnium from Chemistry, Bohr's Theory and Quantum TheoryHas Chemistry Been at Least Approximately Reduced to Quantum Mechanics?Reduction and Emergence in ChemistryThe Periodic Table, Electronic Configurations and the Nature of the Elements:Has the Periodic Table Been Successfully Axiomatized?The Periodic Table: The Ultimate Paper Tool in Chemistry Naive Realism, Reduction and the ‘Intermediate Position’How Ab Inito is Ab Initio Quantum Chemistry? Foundations of ChemistrySome Aspects of the Metaphysics of Chemistry and the Nature of the ElementsRealism and Anti-Realism, and Educational Issues in Philosophy of Chemistry:Constructivism, Relativism and ChemistryThe Recently Claimed Observation of Atomic Orbitals and Some Related Philosophical IssuesNormative and Descriptive Philosophy of Science and the Role of Chemistry Readership: Philosophers, historians and students of science, science educators, physicists and chemists. Keywords:Philosophy of Science;Philosophy of Chemistry;Chemistry;Atomic Physics;Reductionism;History of Science;History of ChemistryReviews: “This is an outstanding and much anticipated volume, which collects in one place a number of the seminal papers written by one of the pioneers in the philosophy of chemistry … As a companion to Scerri's highly acclaimed book The Periodic Table, Its Story and Its Significance, this volume succeeds in bringing his important work on the many facets of the reductionism debate to the attention of a new group of readers, who need to appreciate the prominent role that this debate has played from the outset in all areas of the philosophy of chemistry, and the role that Scerri himself has played in this debate … The volume itself is handsomely produced and the selections are well chosen … Every scholar in the philosophy of chemistry will want to have this volume close, to dip into, to learn about the latest thinking of one of the leading scholars in the field, and to have as a handy collection of his earlier papers.” Foundations of Chemistry “Eric Scerri brings sound chemical, historical, and philosophic scholarship to bear on the many aspects of chemical teaching that concern long-standing philosophical puzzles. Such work illuminates chemical education in interesting and unexpected ways, and also may well contribute to resolving problems in academic philosophy that have resisted other approaches.” Science & Education “General readers (or chemists, science educators, or philosophers) seeking an overview of this area could find no more effective, concise, convenient entry into this important and actively developing field than the one that this volume provides.” Joseph E Earley Professor Emeritus Georgetown University, USA “…A collection of papers from one of the founders of the new philosophy of chemistry. It is only the second single–author collection of papers on the philosophy of chemistry.” Chemical & Engineering News “This volume is an important addition to the rapidly growing body of literature in the philosophy of chemistry. In its insight, liveliness, and broad coverage, it will be a rare treat for philosophers, historians, scientists and science educators alike.” AMBIX
Revised to help students obtain a higher level of understanding of general chemistry concepts, CHEMISTRY & CHEMICAL REACTIVITY, 7th Edition provides the most robust homework/assessment tools ever offered in chemistry. The Enhanced Review Edition combines the text's signature logical organization, macro to micro orientation, and superior art program with new exam preparation sections designed to help students better prepare for multiple chapter examinations. Let's Review sections present study tips, key points lists, and new exam-type questions for multiple chapters grouped according to where most exams occur in the course. The Enhanced Review Edition includes the same integration of media as the standard edition, which includes hundreds of guided simulations, animations, video clips, and a personal tutor. Online Web-based Learning (OWL) is a fully customizable homework system with an optional e-book that maximizes study time and your options for assignments and is available for separate purchase or in a package with your text. Additional more challenging end-of-chapter study questions, which are fully assignable in OWL, give you more choices. And for the student on the go, the new Go Chemistry mini video lectures and flash cards provide the perfect quick review. Quality writing, seamless technology integration, and a rich ancillary package remain the hallmarks of the text. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
The story of Dmitrii Mendeleev is told in full for the first time, illuminating the role of this remarkable man of science in bringing the Russian Empire out of the dark ages during the nineteenth century, thus paving the way for the rationalism of the Soviet Union. 25,000 first printing.
Why did Gandhi hate iodine (I, 53)? Why did the Japanese kill Godzilla with missiles made of cadmium (Cd, 48)? How did radium (Ra, 88) nearly ruin Marie Curie's reputation? And why did tellurium (Te, 52) lead to the most bizarre gold rush in history? The periodic table is one of our crowning scientific achievements, but it's also a treasure trove of passion, adventure, betrayal and obsession. The fascinating tales in The Disappearing Spoon follow carbon, neon, silicon, gold and every single element on the table as they play out their parts in human history, finance, mythology, conflict, the arts, medicine and the lives of the (frequently) mad scientists who discovered them. Why did a little lithium (Li, 3) help cure poet Robert Lowell of his madness? And how did gallium (Ga, 31) become the go-to element for laboratory pranksters? The Disappearing Spoon has the answers, fusing science with the classic lore of invention, investigation, discovery and alchemy, from the big bang through to the end of time.