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The Gendered Cyborg explores the relationship between representation, technoscience and gender, through the metaphor of the cyborg. The contributors argue that the figure of the cyborg offers ways of thinking about the relationship between culture and technology, people and machines which disrupt the power of science to enfore the categories through which we think about being human: male and female. Taking inspiration from Donna Haraway's groundbreaking Manifesto for Cyborgs, the articles consider how the cyborg has been used in cultural representation from reproductive technology to sci-fi, and question whether the cyborg is as powerful a symbol as is often claimed. The different sections of the reader explore: * the construction of gender categories through science * the interraction of technoscience and gender in contemporary science fiction film such as Bladerunner and the Alien series * debates around modern reproductive technology such as ultrasound scans and IVF, assessing their benefits and constraints for women * issues relating to artificial intelligence and the internet.
This comprehensive, interdisciplinary collection, examines disability from a theoretical perspective, challenging views of disability that dominate mainstream thinking. Throughout, social theories of disability intersect with ideas associated with sex/gender, race/ethnicity, class and nation.
This book takes the process of "reading the body" into the fields at the forefront of culture—the vast spaces mapped by science and technology—to show that the body in high-tech is as gendered as ever. From female body building to virtual reality, from cosmetic surgery to cyberpunk, from reproductive medicine to public health policies to TV science programs, Anne Balsamo articulates the key issues concerning the status of the body for feminist cultural studies in a postmodern world. Technologies of the Gendered Body combines close readings of popular texts—such as Margaret Atwood’s novel The Handmaid’s Tale, the movie Pumping Iron II: The Women, cyberpunk magazines, and mass media—with analyses of medical literature, public policy documents, and specific technological practices. Balsamo describes the ways in which certain biotechnologies are ideologically shaped by gender considerations and other beliefs about race, physical abilities, and economic and legal status. She presents a view of the conceptual system that structures individuals’ access to and participation in these technologies, as well as an overview of individuals’ rights and responsibilities in this sometimes baffling area. Examining the ways in which the body is gendered in its interactions with new technologies of corporeality, Technologies of the Gendered Body counters the claim that in our scientific culture the material body has become obsolete. With ample evidence that the techno-body is always gendered and marked by race, this book sets the stage for a renewed feminist engagement with contemporary technological narratives.
A PDF version of this book is available for free in open access via the OAPEN Library platform, . Cyborgs in Latin America explores the ways cultural expression in Latin America has grappled with the changing relationships between technology and human identity.
Through readings of iconic figures such as the cannibal, the child, the alien, and the posthuman, Gabriele Schwab unpacks literary explorations at the boundaries of the human. Treating literature as a dynamic process that “writes culture,” makes the abstract particular and local, and situates us within the world, she pioneers a compelling approach to analyzing literary texts and their production of meaning, knowledge, and society. Schwab’s interdisciplinary study draws on anthropology, philosophy, critical theory, and psychoanalysis to trace literature’s profound impact on the cultural imaginary. Following a new interpretation of Derrida’s and Levi-Strauss’s famous controversy over the indigenous Nambikwara, Schwab develops readings of imaginary encounters between east and west in the novels of Pearl S. Buck, Italo Calvino’s Invisible Cities, and Ulrike Ottinger’s film Johanna d’Arc of Mongolia (1989). She examines the portrayal of sexual capture and cannibalism in Juan José Saer’s The Witness and Marianne Wiggins’ John Dollar; the anxiety over the fate of children in Richard Powers’ futuristic Operation Wandering Soul; the representation of personhood, agency, and power in Octavia Butler’s Xenogenesis; and the fascination with primitivism and the cultural other in Franz Kafka’s “The Wish to Be a Red Indian,” and Leslie Marmon Silko’s “Yellow Woman.” Schwab concludes with an exploration of discourses on the posthuman, using Samuel Beckett’s “The Lost Ones” and its imagining of a future lived under the conditions of minimal life. Consulting a wide range of critical theories, Schwab engages the productive intersections between literary studies and anthropology and remakes our understanding of the power of literature to shape culture, subjectivity, and life.
How can the cinema articulate the interstices between visibility and invisibility, and how are such notions of absence and the unseen implicated in the film experience? This study considers the locus of the breathing body in the film experience and its implications for the study of embodiment in film and sensuous spectatorship. Quinlivan puts forward a mode of critical engagement with film shaped by the foregrounding of the human body in the filmic diegesis and the viewing experience. The book's foregrounding of the human body as an, importantly, breathing body in film, coupled with its fresh engagement with continental philosophy, Post-Structuralist Film Theory and Contemporary Western Cinema, makes a unique and valuable contribution to the field.