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From jet engine noise that generates vibrations in the structure of an aircraft, to the sound radiation from the hull of a ship or submarine that makes it identifiable, an understanding of structural acoustics is key in the design process in maritime, automotive, aerospace, and architectural engineering. Building on classic works in the field, Structural Acoustics: Deterministic and Random Phenomena presents fundamental concepts, relations, and simplified methods for calculating complex problems associated with vibrations and noise issues of automobiles, ships, submarines, and aircraft. This practical reference studies the response of structures and media that are coupled with a fluid and are under static, dynamic, and random loading. Simplified solutions to complicated problems Starting with a review of the fundamentals of acoustics and structural acoustics, the book discusses the response of the beams, plates, and shells that compose most built-up structures before providing methods for solving problems of built-up systems, including a procedure for computing the response of an elastic or viscoelastic media without resorting to a large computer program. Building on this analysis, the second section develops the analysis for random loading, which can also be applied to geophysical phenomena and viscoelastic media. Proceeding from the fundamental aspects of simple structures to more complicated cases with more involved loading, the book presents formulas and applications for random loading. By providing a fundamental understanding of sound radiation in air and water, this book shows readers how to solve structural and acoustical problems. An important reference for those working in the area of acoustics and vibration analysis, it also includes computer programs for acoustical analysis available at
What is this sound? What does that sound indicate? These are two questions frequently heard in daily conversation. Sound results from the vibrations of elastic media and in daily life provides informative signals of events happening in the surrounding environment. In interpreting auditory sensations, the human ear seems particularly good at extracting the signal signatures from sound waves. Although exploring auditory processing schemes may be beyond our capabilities, source signature analysis is a very attractive area in which signal-processing schemes can be developed using mathematical expressions. This book is inspired by such processing schemes and is oriented to signature analysis of waveforms. Most of the examples in the book are taken from data of sound and vibrations; however, the methods and theories are mostly formulated using mathematical expressions rather than by acoustical interpretation. This book might therefore be attractive and informative for scientists, engineers, researchers, and graduate students who are interested in the mathematical representation of signals and the applications of Fourier analysis. The book can be described as being practically self-contained but does assume readers are familiar with introductory topics in discrete signal processing, as in the discrete Fourier transform. Hence this book might be also usable as a textbook in graduate courses in applied mathematics on topics such as complex functions. Almost all scientific phenomena are sensed as waves propagating in some space. Over the years, waveform analysis has therefore been one of the resilient academic areas of study and still is seen as fertile ground for development. In particular, waveform analysis based on the theory of linear systems would be a good example where a physical interpretation can be given to the mathematical theory of complex functions in terms of magnitude, angle, poles, and zeros of complex functions. For readers who are interested in the physical aspects of sound and vibration data or elementary formulation of wave equations and their solutions, the book Sound and Signals by M. Tohyama (Springer 2011) is recommended. It can serve as a complementary companion to this present volume or independently as a good reference.
Seismic waves generated by earthquakes have been interpreted to provide us information about the Earth’s structure across a variety of scales. For short periods of less than 1 second, the envelope of seismograms changes significantly with increased travel distance and coda waves are excited by scattering due to randomly distributed heterogeneities in the Earth. Deterministic structures such as horizontally uniform velocity layer models in traditional seismology cannot explain these phenomena. This book focuses on the Earth heterogeneity and scattering effects on seismic waves. Topics covered are recent developments in wave theory and observation including: coda wave analysis for mapping medium heterogeneity and monitoring temporal variation of physical properties, radiation of short-period seismic waves from an earthquake fault, weak localization of seismic waves, attenuation of seismic waves in randomly porous media, synthesis of seismic wave envelopes in short periods, and laboratory investigations of ultrasonic wave propagation in rock samples. Understanding new methods for the analysis of short-period seismic waves to characterize the random heterogeneity of the Earth on many scales Observations of seismic wave scattering Discussion of techniques for mapping medium heterogeneity and for monitoring temporal change in medium characteristics Up-to-date techniques for the synthesis of wave envelopes in random media
Acoustical engineers, researchers, architects, and designers need a comprehensive, single-volume reference that provides quick and convenient access to important information, answers and questions on a broad spectrum of topics, and helps solve the toughest problems in acoustical design and engineering. The Handbook of Acoustics meets that need. It offers concise coverage of the science and engineering of acoustics and vibration. In more than 100 clearly written chapters, experts from around the world share their knowledge and expertise in topics ranging from basic aerodynamics and jet noise to acoustical signal processing, and from the interaction of fluid motion and sound to infrasound, ultrasonics, and quantum acoustics. Topics covered include: * General linear acoustics * Nonlinear acoustics and cavitation * Aeroacoustics and atmospheric sound * Mechanical vibrations and shock * Statistical methods in acoustics * Architectural acoustics * Physiological acoustics * Underwater sound * Ultrasonics, quantum acoustics, and physical aspects of sound * Noise: its effects and control * Acoustical signal processing * Psychological acoustics * Speech communication * Music and musical acoustics * Acoustical measurements and instrumentation * Transducers The Handbook of Acoustics belongs on the reference shelf of every engineer, architect, research scientist, or designer with a professional interest in the propagation, control, transmission, and effects of sound.
Shallow water acoustics (SWA), the study of how low and medium frequency sound propagates and scatters on the continental shelves of the worlds oceans, has both technical interest and a large number of practical applications. Technically, shallow water poses an interesting medium for the study of acoustic scattering, inverse theory, and propagation physics in a complicated oceanic waveguide. Practically, shallow water acoustics has interest for geophysical exploration, marine mammal studies, and naval applications. Additionally, one notes the very interdisciplinary nature of shallow water acoustics, including acoustical physics, physical oceanography, marine geology, and marine biology. In this specialized volume the authors, all of whom have extensive at-sea experience in US and Russian research efforts, have tried to summarize the main experimental, theoretical, and computational results in shallow water acoustics, with an emphasis on providing physical insight into the topics presented.
In Applied Gas Dynamics, Professor Ethirajan Rathakrishnan introduces the high-tech science of gas dynamics, from a definition of the subject to the three essential processes of this science, namely, the isentropic process, shock and expansion process, and Fanno and Rayleigh flows. The material is presented in such a manner that beginners can follow the subject comfortably. Rathakrishnan also covers the theoretical and application aspects of high-speed flows in which enthalpy change becomes significant. Covers both theory and applications Explains involved aspects of flow processes in detail Provides a large number of worked through examples in all chapters Reinforces learning with concise summaries at the end of every chapter Contains a liberal number of exercise problems with answers Discusses ram jet and jet theory -- unique topics of use to all working in the field Classroom tested at introductory and advanced levels Solutions manual and lecture slides available for instructors Applied Gas Dynamics is aimed at graduate students and advanced undergraduates in Aerospace Engineering and Mechanical Engineering who are taking courses such as Gas Dynamics, Compressible Flows, High-Speed Aerodynamics, Applied Gas Dynamics, Experimental Aerodynamics and High-Enthalpy Flows. Practicing engineers and researchers working with high speed flows will also find this book helpful. Lecture materials for instructors available at

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