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In this volume, the authors provide an excellent overview of how far the plant viral vector field has come. The discipline is no longer exclusively in the domain of academics—there is a small, but growing number of small biotechnology companies that exploit plant viruses as the platform for commercial innovation in crop improvement, industrial product manufacturing, and human and veterinary health care.
Most viruses that infect plants need an intermediary (vector) for their spread between plants. This book describes, for the main vector groups, the current state of knowledge of what happens to viruses in their passage through their vectors and what interactions within the vector determine whether or not they are passed on to new plants. This volume of Advances in Botanical Research brings together current research on virus-vector interactions, with chapters on aphids, fungi, whitefly, beetles, nematodes, thrips, leafhoppers, treehoppers, and planthoppers, and other vectors. Advances in Botanical Research is a multi-volume publication that brings together reviews by recognized experts on subjects of importance to those involved in botanical research. First published in 1963, Advances in Botanical Research has earned a reputation for excellence in the field for more than thirty years. In 1995, Advances in Botanical Research was merged with Advances in Plant Pathology to provide one comprehensive resource for the plant science community, with equal coverage of plant pathology and botany in both thematic and mixed volumes. Now edited by J.A. Callow (University of Birmingham, UK), supported by an international Editorial Board, Advances in Botanical Research publishes in-depth and up-to-date reviews on a wide range of topics which will appeal to post-graduates and researchers in plant sciences including botany, plant biochemistry, plant pathology and plant physiology. Eclectic volumes in the serial are supplemented by thematic volumes on such topics as Plant Protein Kinases, and Plant Trichomes. In 1999, the Institute for Scientific Information released figures showing that Advances in Botanical Research has an Impact Factor of 4.378, placing it 8th in the highly competitive category of Plant Sciences. Key Features * No other book that brings together details of the interactions between vectors and the viruses they transmit, across the whole range of viruses and vectors * Written by internationally recognized authorities at the leading edge of the relevant science * The definitive source of information for the specialist researcher
Stressing the key role vectors play spread of virus diseases, this volume represents the priorities in practical plant virus research and ways in which their control or management should be sought through an understanding of the practical and environmental aspects of the interactions of viruses with their vectors and their environment. It provides an in-depth understanding of the vectors, their biology, dispersal, movement and migration, contemporary canvases of epidemiology, and the management of virus diseases keeping in view the globalization of agriculture as also the viruses and their quarantine requirements.
Virus vector nematodes - taxonomy and general introduction; Morphology of longidoridae; taxonomy of Xyphinema; A "Lattice" for the identification of species of Xiphinema Cobb, 1913; Taxonomy of longidorus (Micoletzky) Filipjev and Paralongidorus siddiqi, Hooper and Khan; Morphology of Trichodorid nematodes; Taxonomy of trichodoridae; Functional morphology of darylaimida; Cytogenetics and reproduction in Xyphinema and Longidorus; Embryology and hatching of Trichodorus similis and Longidorus elongatus; Cell structure and function - An introduction to ultrastructure; Ultrastructure of Dorylaimidae; The structure and musculature of the feeding apparatus in Longidorus and Xyphinema; The ultrastructure of the feeding apparatus in trichodorids; Feeding of TrichodorusLongidorus and Xiphinema; Some features of nematode-born viruses and their relation-ship with the host plants; Acquisition, retention and transmission of viruses by nematodes; Some non-rosaceous trees and shrubs as hosts to nematodeborne viruses; Distribution of artichoke Italian latent virus and its nematode vector in apulia; Nettlehead and related hop diseases associated with the hop strain of arabis mosaic virus and its vector Xiphinema diversicaudatum; Virus vector species of Xiphinema and Longidorus in relation to certification schemes for fruit and hops in England; Nematode transmitted virus in British Columbia, Canada; Transmission of Cowpea mosaic by Xiphinema barisi in Western Nigeria; Ecology of Xiphinema and Longidorus; The ecology of trichodorus.
Annotation. Based on a similarly named meeting in December 1999 organised by the British Society for Plant Pathology, this book considers the biology of interactions between host plants and the pathogens that infect them. This important topic has seen some significant advances in the past ten years, especially through the application of molecular techniques, which are extensively covered in this book.
The system to be modeled; Modeling virus disease epidemics: theory and techniques; Modeling virus disease epidemics: past and recent progress; Prospects and future opportunities.
Basis for control; Vector intensity: a product of propensity and activity; Distribution of virus disease and the migrant vector aphid; Wind current; Predators: agents for biological control; Parasites and parasite impact on aphid populations; Detection, survival and dispersal of soil; Surveying for plant viruses: design and considerations; Strain identification for monitoring virus distribution and spread with special reference to molecular hybridization analysis; Simulation modeling; The construction and analysis of life tables for natural populations; Modelling plant growth and development; Descriptions of virus disease epidemics in time and space; Soybean mosaic virus epidemiology: a model and some implications; Maize rayado fino: a model of a leafhopper borne virus disease in the neotropics; A planthopper-rice virus epidemiology model: rice stripe and samll brown planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus fallen; Modeling the effects of changing windfields on migratory flights of the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens Stal; Plant virus disease forecasting; Forecasting barley yellow dwarf virus by monitoring vector populations and infectivity; Virus yellows of sugar beet; Forecasting the incidence of potato virus Y0; Predicting disease incidence and yield losses in sugarcane in Fiji disease epidemic; Models of epidemics of rice dwarf; Integrated control of insect vectors of plant virus disease; Plant virus control strategies: Future prospects. Epilogue: A perspective.

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