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As nutrition research is shifting its focus from epidemiology and physiology to effects of nutrients at the molecular level, a uniquely tailored diet that corresponds to the demands of our genetic signature is emerging as an indispensable need. Using high-throughput genomic tools, nutrigenomics unravels the influence of micro- and macronutrients as potent dietary signals regulating metabolic pathways and unmasks how susceptible genotypes are predisposed to diet-related diseases. Selected topics from this field have been covered in some books, but no other comprehensive text on epigenetics, nutrition, and human health and disease is available, until now. This book illustrates nutrition’s influence on epigenetic inheritance and the mechanisms underlying the modification of the metabolic imprint of an individual. This enriched understanding of nutrigenomics can be applied to master a tailored diet that can alleviate imprinted metabolic syndromes. Specifically, the book focuses on: Maternal, perinatal, and neonatal nutrition Epigenetic mechanisms and cancer Impacts of dietary factors, folate deficiency and DNA methylation Nutrition’s influence on genetic imprinting The basics of nutrigenomics and epigenetic regulation
Epigenetics is one of the fastest growing fields of sciences, illuminating studies of human diseases by looking beyond genetic make-up and acknowledging that outside factors play a role in gene expression. The goal of this volume is to highlight those diseases or conditions for which we have advanced knowledge of epigenetic factors such as cancer, autoimmune disorders and aging as well as those that are yielding exciting breakthroughs in epigenetics such as diabetes, neurobiological disorders and cardiovascular disease. Where applicable, attempts are made to not only detail the role of epigenetics in the etiology, progression, diagnosis and prognosis of these diseases, but also novel epigenetic approaches to the treatment of these diseases. Chapters are also presented on human imprinting disorders, respiratory diseases, infectious diseases and gynecological and reproductive diseases. Since epigenetics plays a major role in the aging process, advances in the epigenetics of aging are highly relevant to many age-related human diseases. Therefore, this volume closes with chapters on aging epigenetics and breakthroughs that have been made to delay the aging process through epigenetic approaches. With its translational focus, this book will serve as valuable reference for both basic scientists and clinicians alike. Comprehensive coverage of fundamental and emergent science and clinical usage Side-by-side coverage of the basis of epigenetic diseases and their treatments Evaluation of recent epigenetic clinical breakthroughs
Nutrition and Epigenetics presents new information on the action of diet and nutritional determinants in regulating the epigenetic control of gene expression in health and disease. Each chapter gives a unique perspective on a different nutritional or dietary component or group of components, and reveals novel mechanisms by which dietary factors modulate the epigenome and affect development processes, chronic disease, and the aging process. This pivotal text: Documents the epigenetic effect of antioxidants and their health benefits Adds to the understanding of mechanisms leading to disease susceptibility and healthy aging Illustrates that the epigenetic origins of disease occur in early (fetal) development Synthesizes the data regarding nutrient and epigenomic interactions Nutrition and Epigenetics highlights the interactions among nutrients, epigenetics, and health, providing an essential resource for scientists and clinical researchers interested in nutrition, aging, and metabolic diseases.
The study of epigenetics, or how heritable changes in gene expression are regulated without modifying the coding DNA sequence, has become an increasingly important field of study in recent years. Rapid developments in our understanding of the way in which gene function is modulated by the environment has revolutionized the way we think about human development and health. Nutrition in Epigenetics reviews the latest research looking at the interaction between genes and nutrients and the role they play together in maintaining human health. Nutrition in Epigenetics is divided into two primary parts. The first part provides key principles such as epigenetic mechanisms, developmental epigenetics, and the role of epigenetics in disease. The second part looks specifically at the application of epigenetics to the field of human nutrition. Chapters review the role of specific nutrients in modulating epigenetic status and the effect on health and disease. Nutrition in Epigenetics is an indispensable resource for researchers, professionals and advanced students with an interest in human nutrition, epigenetics, and biomedical research.
Epigenetics is considered by many to be the "new genetics" because of the overwhelming evidence of the contribution of non-genetic factors such as nutrition, environment, and chemical exposure on gene expression. The effects of epigenetics are vast, including tissue/organ regeneration, X-chromosome inactivation, and stem cell differentiation and genomic imprinting and aging. Aberrations of epigenetics influence many diseases for which clinical intervention is already in place, and many novel epigenetic therapies for cancer, immune disorders, neurological and metabolic disorders, and imprinting diseases are on the horizon. This comprehensive collection of reviews written by leaders in the field of epigenetics provides a broad view of this important and evolving topic. From molecular mechanisms and epigenetic technology to discoveries in human disease and clinical epigenetics, the nature and applications of the science will be presented for those with interests ranging from the fundamental basis of epigenetics to therapeutic interventions for epigenetic-based disorders. * Contributions by leading international investigators involved in molecular research and clinical and therapeutic applications * Integrates methods and biological topics with basic and clinical discoveries * Includes coverage of new topics in epigenetics such as prions, regulation of long-term memory by epigenetics, metabolic aspects of epigenetics, and epigenetics of neuronal disorders
Medical Epigenetics is an inclusive volume on the medical aspects of epigenetics with a focus on human systems, epigenetic disease that affect these systems, and modes of treating epigenetic-based disorders and diseases. This book provides stand-alone coverage of all human systems relevant to epigenetic maladies and all major aspects of medical epigenetics. It is useful not only to physicians, nurses, medical students, and many others directly involved with healthcare, but also investigators in life sciences, biotech companies, graduate students, and all others who are interested in more applied aspects of epigenetics. The expansion of the field of epigenetics has brought a wealth of information with respect to variations in phenotypes that are heritable. In addition, many advances have emerged that have shown epigenetic aberrations as central to a number of diseases and disorders that were previously thought to be manifested primarily through genetic factors. Along with the remarkable studies that have been made in our understanding of epigenetic-based diseases and disorders has come new information that allows treatments that target these many epigenetic aberrations. Medical Epigenetics brings all of this knowledge together to comprehensively review the state of medical epigenetics in one defining volume. The basic design of Medical Epigenetics is to lead the reader from the fundamental mechanisms of epigenetics as they apply to humans through approaches for treating epigenetic-based diseases. This book begins with the basic tenets of epigenetics in human systems and progresses through general medical aspects of epigenetics, epigenetics or system disorders, multi-system medical epigenetics, pharmacology of epigenetics, and therapeutic epigenetics. Medical Epigenetics closes with a chapter on future prospects in medical epigenetics. This book is by far the most complete book in the area of applied epigenetics. Focuses on practical and applied aspects of medical epigenetics Includes peer-reviewed chapters with up-to-date coverage of emerging topics in medical epigenetics by leading experts Appeals to those interested in fundamental epigenetics and inheritance, as well as those with more clinical interests including practicing physicians and other health care professionals Covers the basic tenets of epigenetics in human systems and progresses through general medical aspects of epigenetics, epigenetics or system disorders, multi-system medical epigenetics, pharmacology of epigenetics, and therapeutic epigenetics
' Epigenetics is emerging as an important factor in risk of diseases of global importance including obesity, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Unlike gene polymorphisms which have been the focus of understanding the role of inherited disease susceptibility for some time, epigenetic can be modified by environmental factors, in particular nutrition. Thus research into the role of epigenetics in disease has substantial potential for explaining the impact of the environmental factors such as diet on disease risk. Since epigenetic processes can be modified by nutrition, it may be possible to modify inappropriate epigenetic marks by nutritional interventions to reduce disease risk. This book will explore current understanding of the interaction between nutrition, epigenetics and disease risk, will place this knowledge in the context of global health and discuss the ethical implications of this research. Contents:Basic Mechanisms in Epigenetics (Karen A Lillycrop)Nutrition, Epigenetics and the Early Life Origins of Disease: Evidence from Human Studies (Nina D''Vaz and Rae-Chi Huang)The Early Life Nutritional Environment, Epigenetics and Developmental Programming of Disease: Evidence from Animal Models (Mark H Vickers)Lipids and Epigenetics (Graham C Burdge)Circadian Biology: Interaction with Metabolism and Nutrition (Jonathan D Johnston)Nutrition, Epigenetics and Aging (John C Mathers and Hyang-Min Byun)Nutrition and Epigenetics: Evidence for Multi- and Transgenerational Effects (Cheryl S Rosenfeld)Epigenetic Biomarkers and Global Health (Paula Costello and Mark Hanson)Nutrition, Epigenetics and Health: Evolutionary Perspectives (Sinead English & Tobias Uller)The Body Politic: Epigenetics and Society (Noela Davis) Readership: Nutritionists, molecular biologists and those involved in global health issues. '

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