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Although there are many books available on the preparation, properties, and characterization of nanomaterials, few provide an interdisciplinary account of the physical phenomena that govern the novel properties of nanomaterials. Addressing this shortfall, Nanoscale Physics for Materials Science covers fundamental cross-disciplinary concepts in materials science and engineering. It presents a comprehensive description of the physical phenomena and changes that can be expected when macroscopically sized materials are reduced to the nanometer level. The text is divided according to physical phenomena and interactions. After reviewing the necessary theoretical background, the authors address the electrical, optical, and magnetic properties as functions of size and distance. They discuss the energy spectrum, the charging effect, tunneling phenomena, electronically induced stable nanostructures, absorption and scattering, electromagnetic interactions, magnetism, ferromagnetic domain-wall-related phenomena, and spin transport in magnetic nanostructures. Problem sets are included at the end of each chapter. Providing an excellent treatment of physical phenomena not covered in similar books, this text explores the electrical, optical, and magnetic properties of materials at the nanoscale level. It delves into the dramatic physical changes that occur on scales where the quantum nature of objects starts dominating their properties.
Nanostructured SiO2 surfaces were then prepared from the inorganic-organic hybrid poly (POSS (isobutyl)-b-MMA) nanotemplates by thermal and oxygen plasma treatments. Silicon dioxide nanostructured surfaces were obtained with topographies resembling the starting hybrid structures. The oxide surfaces produced were also modified using monochlorosilanes. The wetting characteristics of thin PS films on the oxide surfaces were found to depend on the surface topography. For surfaces with nanoscopic posts, the dewetting of the PS was pinned; whereas, for surfaces with islands having a step height of several nanometers, dewetting similar to that on a smooth surface was found. If, however, the terraces were interconnected, then the dewetting was accelerated. These studies demonstrate the potential use of hybrid block copolymers as precursors for the fabrication of inorganic nanotemplates with well-defined topographies and interfacial properties.
A revolution is occurring in science and technology, based on the recently developed ability to measure, manipulate and organize matter on the nanoscale - 1 to 100 billionths of a meter. At the nanoscale, physics, chemistry, biology, materials science, and engineering converge toward the same principles and tools. As a result, progress in nanoscience will have very far-reaching impact. The nanoscale is not just another step toward miniaturization, but a qualitatively new scale. The new behavior is dominated by quantum mechanics, material confinement in small structures, large interfacial volume fraction, and other unique properties, phenomena and processes. Many current theories of matter at the microscale have critical lengths of nanometer dimensions. These theories will be inadequate to describe the new phenomena at the nanoscale. As knowledge in nanoscience increases worldwide, there will likely be fundamental scientific advances. In tum, this will lead to dramatic changes in the ways materials, devices, and systems are understood and created. Innovative nanoscale properties and functions will be achieved through the control of matter at its building blocks: atom-by-atom, molecule-by molecule, and nanostructure-by-nanostructure. Nanotechnology will include the integration of these nanoscale structures into larger material components, systems, and architectures. However, within these larger scale systems the control and construction will remain at the nanoscale.
This volume:Chemistry, Physics and Materials Science of Thermoelectric Materials: Beyond Bismuth Telluridecontains a series of topical articles that were presented as invited lectures by prominent leaders in this field at a workshop held in Traverse City, Michigan in the summer of 2002. These articles place the state of the art, regarding design principles, candidate materials and systems and current advances in context and should serve as a useful source of insights into this field for both beginning students and practitioners alike.
For the efficient utilization of energy resources and the minimization of environmental damage, thermoelectric materials can play an important role by converting waste heat into electricity directly. Nanostructured thermoelectric materials have received much attention recently due to the potential for enhanced properties associated with size effects and quantum confinement. Nanoscale Thermoelectrics describes the theory underlying these phenomena, as well as various thermoelectric materials and nanostructures such as carbon nanotubes, SiGe nanowires, and graphene nanoribbons. Chapters written by leading scientists throughout the world are intended to create a fundamental bridge between thermoelectrics and nanotechnology, and to stimulate readers' interest in developing new types of thermoelectric materials and devices for power generation and other applications. Nanoscale Thermoelectrics is both a comprehensive introduction to the field and a guide to further research, and can be recommended for Physics, Electrical Engineering, and Materials Science departments.
This book reviews the structure and electronic, magnetic, and other properties of various MoS2 (Molybdenum disulfide) nanostructures, with coverage of synthesis, Valley polarization, spin physics, and other topics. MoS2 is an important, graphene-like layered nano-material that substantially extends the range of possible nanostructures and devices for nanofabrication. These materials have been widely researched in recent years, and have become an attractive topic for applications such as catalytic materials and devices based on field-effect transistors (FETs) and semiconductors. Chapters from leading scientists worldwide create a bridge between MoS2 nanomaterials and fundamental physics in order to stimulate readers' interest in the potential of these novel materials for device applications. Since MoS2 nanostructures are expected to be increasingly important for future developments in energy and other electronic device applications, this book can be recommended for Physics and Materials Science and Engineering departments and as reference for researchers in the field.

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