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Mitochondrial Case Studies: Underlying Mechanisms and Diagnosis offers the science behind mitochondrial disease with a case studies approach. Since mitochondrial diseases are diverse and influenced by genetic, environmental, and social-economic factors, this publication will help students, physicians, scientists, health care students, and families recognize and accurately diagnose mitochondrial disease and learn about potential treatments. Reviews case studies as a helpful teaching tool to increase awareness and improve diagnosis Provides information on underlying mechanisms of mitochondrial disease Includes basic mitochondrial dysfunction research through patient case studies to best illustrate the entire disease process
Innovative microscopic techniques, introduced during the last two decades, have contributed much to creating a new picture of the dynamic architecture of the cell, which can now be more exactly correlated with specific biochemical and physiopathological events. These developments have led to significant advances in our understanding of the physiomorphological and pathological aspects of the secretory mechanism, as well as the pharmacologic methods used to control, experimentally, the function of exocrine and endocrine glands. The integration of new ultrastructural methods such as freeze-fracture/etching, immunocytochemistry, scanning and high-voltage electron microscopy, cytoautoradiography, etc. , has proven to be of great value when applied to the study of endocrine cells and tissues. Because information on this topic has appeared in a variety of scientific and medical journals, this book: (1) reviews the results of an integrative approach presenting a comprehensive ultrastructural account of the main aspects of the field; (2) points out gaps or controversial topics in our knowledge; and (3) outlines pertinent directions for future research. The chapters, prepared by recognized authorities in the field, present traditional information on the topic in a concise manner and, with a valuable selection of original illustrations, show what the integration of new microscopic methods can contribute to the subject in terms of new concepts. This volume will be useful to cell biologists, anatomists, embryologists, histologists, pharmacologists, pathologists, and, of course, endocrinologists. It will also be of interest to students, practitioners of medicine, and to all others dealing with clinical research and diagnosis.
The state-of-the-art 2nd Edition of this acclaimed reference explains the principles that form the scientific basis for our understanding of malignant transformation and the pathogenesis and treatment of cancer. Readers will find a broad update on the scientific principles of new diagnostic tests and therapeutic interventions now being used in clinical trials and practice. Incorporating the latest advances and newest research, this text also gives thorough descriptions of everything from the basic mechanisms of malignant cells and molecular abnormalities in common cancers to new approaches for cancer therapy. Each chapter discusses the clinical implications for treatment. Numerous examples of the latest clinical interventions help readers understand and assess the products of the biotechnology revolution. IMPORTANT new topics, including chemo-prevention, programmed cell death (apoptosis), genetic counselling, tumour-specific vaccines, genetic abnormalities in the origin and progression of cancer, monoclonal antibody therapy, and molecular predictors of prognosis and response to treatment NEW and revised chapters, covering new basic science knowledge, new approaches to treatment and keeping all information on the cutting-edge of the specialty ABUNDANT illustrations, most of them new, to clarify and explain difficult concepts.
Radiations, or Evolution in Action We have just celebrated the “Darwin Year” with the double anniversary of his 200th birthday and 150th year of his masterpiece, “On the Origin of Species by means of Natural Selection”. In this work, Darwin established the factual evidence of biological evolution, that species change over time, and that new organisms arise by the splitting of ancestral forms into two or more descendant species. However, above all, Darwin provided the mechanisms by arguing convincingly that it is by natural selection – as well as by sexual selection (as he later added) – that organisms adapt to their environment. The many discoveries since then have essentially con?rmed and strengthened Darwin’s central theses, with latest evidence, for example, from molecular genetics, revealing the evolutionary relationships of all life forms through one shared history of descent from a common ancestor. We have also come a long way to progressively understand more on how new species actually originate, i. e. on speciation which remained Darwin’s “mystery of m- teries”, as noted in one of his earliest transmutation notebooks. Since speciation is the underlying mechanism for radiations, it is the ultimate causation for the biological diversity of life that surrounds us.

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