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Those working with tribology often have a background in mechanical engineering, while people working with lubricant development have a chemistry/chemical engineering background. This means they have a tradition of approaching problems in different ways. Today's product development puts higher demands on timing and quality, requiring collaboration between people with different backgrounds. However, they can lack understanding of each other's challenges as well as a common language, and so this book aims to bridge the gap between these two areas. Lubricants: Introduction to Properties and Performance provides an easy to understand overview of tribology and lubricant chemistry. The first part of the book is theoretical and provides an introduction to tribological contact, friction, wear and lubrication, as well as the basic concepts regarding properties and the most commonly made analyses on lubricants. Base fluids and their properties and common additives used in lubricants are also covered. The second part of the book is hands-on and introduces the reader to the actual formulations and the evaluation of their performance. Different applications and their corresponding lubricant formulations are considered and tribological test methods are discussed. Finally used oil characterisation and surface characterisation are covered which give the reader an introduction to different methods of characterising used oils and surfaces, respectively. Key features: Combines chemistry and tribology of lubricants into one unified approach Covers the fundamental theory, describing lubricant properties as well as base fluids and additives Contains practical information on the formulations of lubricants and evaluates their performance Considers applications of lubricants in hydraulics, gears and combustion engines Lubricants: Introduction to Properties and Performance is a comprehensive reference for industry practitioners (tribologists, lubricant technicians, and lubricant chemists, etc) and is also an excellent source of information for graduate and undergraduate students.
Due to the rise in petroleum prices as well as increasing environmental concerns, there is a need to develop biochemicals and bioproducts that offer realistic alternatives to their traditional counterparts; this book will address the lack of a centralized resource of information on lubricants and greases from renewable sources, and will be useful to a wide audience in industry and academia. It is based on 20 years of research and development at the UNI-NABL Center, and discusses the various types of vegetable oils available, comparing their characteristics, properties and benefits against those of typical petroleum oils as well as discussing common evaluation tests and giving examples and case studies of successful applications of biobased lubricants and greases. Whilst scientific and engineering research data is included, the book is written in an accessible manner and is illustrated throughout. Focuses on an industrial application of lubrication technology undergoing current explosive growth in the global market. Includes a detailed review of the material benefits of plant-based lubricants that include a better viscosity index and lubricity even at extreme temperatures, lower flammability due to higher flash points and lower pour points. Covers the basic chemistry of vegetable oils as well as their profiles for use in lubricants and greases and environmental benefits. Includes examples and case studies of where vegetable-based lubricants have been successfully employed in industry applications.
Annotation Essentially, all of the important applications and test methods involved in the fuels and lubricants industry are discussed, either directly or indirectly, and are referenced in this book. Thirty-eight chapters provide a comprehensive, in-depth, well-referenced handbook that provides a detailed overview of All of the important ASTM and non-ASTM fuels and lubricants test procedures. Readers will get a thorough overview of the application-related properties being tested and an extensive discussion of the principles behind the tests and their relationship to the properties themselves.
Industrial Tribology
Provides a fundamental understanding of lubricants and lubricant technology including emerging lubricants such as synthetic and environmentally friendly lubricants • Teaches the reader to understand the role of technology involved in the manufacture of lubricants • Details both major industrial oils and automotive oils for various engines • Covers emerging lubricant technology such as synthetic and environmentally friendly lubricants • Discusses lubricant blending technology, storage, re-refining and condition monitoring of lubricant in equipment
The automotive lubricants arena has undergone significant changes since the first edition of this book was published in 1996. Environmental concerns, particularly reagarding improvement of ar quality have been important in recent years, Reduced emmissions are directly related to changes in lubricant specifications and quality, and the second edition of the Automotive Lubricants Reference Book reflects the urgency of such matters by including updated and expanded detail. This second edition also considers the recent phenomenon of increased consolidation within the oil and petroleum additive arenas, which has resulted in fewer poeple for research, devlopment, and implementation, along with fewer competing companies. After reviewing the first edition the authors have fully reviewed and updated the information to fit in with the changes in technology and markets. Chapters include, Introduction and Fundamentals Constituents of Modern Lubricants Crankcase Oil Testing Crankcase Oil Quality Levels and Formulations Practical Experiences with Lubricant Problems Performance Levels, Classification, Specification, and Approval of Engine Lubricants. Other Lubricants for Road Vehicles Other Specialized Oils of Interest Blending, Storage, Purchase, and Use Safety Health, and the Environment The Future.
The use oflubricants began in ancient times and has developed into a major international business through the need to lubricate machines of increasing complexity. The impetus for lubricant development has arisen from need, so lubricatingpractice has preceded an understanding ofthe scientific principles. This is not surprising as the scientific basis of the technology is, by nature, highly complex and interdisciplinary. However, we believe that the under standing of lubricant phenomena will continue to be developed at a mol ecular level to meet future challenges. These challenges will include the control of emissions from internal combustion engines, the reduction of friction and wear in machinery, and continuing improvements to lubricant performanceand life-time. More recently, there has been an increased understanding of the chemical aspects of lubrication, which has complemented the knowledge and under standing gained through studies dealing with physics and engineering. This book aims to bring together this chemical information and present it in a practical way. It is written by chemists who are authorities in the various specialisations within the lubricating industry, and is intended to be of interest to chemists who may already be working in the lubricating industry or in academia, and who are seeking a chemist's view of lubrication. It will also be of benefit to engineers and technologists familiar with the industry who require a more fundamental understanding oflubricants.

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