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Integrating physical modeling, mathematical analysis, and computer simulation, Instrumentation Design Studies explores a wide variety of specific and practical instrumentation design situations. The author uses MATLAB® and SIMULINK® for dynamic system simulation, Minitab® for statistical applications, and Mathcad for general engineering computations. Rather than consult the extensive manuals of these software packages, readers can access handy, sharply focused material in the appendices to assist in comprehension. After introducing the techniques behind the design of experiments (DOE), the book discusses several technologies for implementing vibration isolation, the design of a high-accuracy pressure transducer, and the use of cold-wire thermometers for measuring rapidly fluctuating fluid temperatures. It then focuses on a basic piezoelectric actuator that provides translational motions up to about 1mm full scale with nanometer resolution, before covering instruments used to measure the viscosity of liquids as well as two special classes of microphones (infrasonic and ultrasonic) and their important specialized applications. The book also presents statistical tools, such as hypothesis testing and confidence intervals, for experiments; the design and applications of thrust stands for measuring vector forces and torques; and the analysis and simulation of a shock calibrator. It concludes with a discussion of how shock testing machines can help reduce or prevent mechanical failures. Spanning system dynamics, measurement, and control, this book addresses the needs of practicing engineers working in instrumentation fields. It focuses on instruments for various applications, from geophysics to mechanical and aerospace engineering.
The application of STM to the study of three distinct organic molecular adsorption systems has been carried out in both electrochemical and ultra-high vacuum (UHV) environments. In all three cases, the cumulative interactions between the surface, adsorbate and probe tip provide insight into those forces that govern the properties of nanoscale systems. The controlled assembly of functional architectures and device at the molecular scale requires a thorough understanding of the delicate balance that this work has sought to probe.
Flight prototype sensor systems using spherical sections and electrostatic deflection have been developed, fabricated, tested and calibrated. The detectors measure the flux of ions and electrons over a 100 deg x 10 deg angular fan and in 32 discrete energy levels from 10 eV to 10 KeV. This study describes the sensor system design for an instrument package for shuttle flight as well as a corrrelator to look for wave-particle interactions. Operating procedures for a 2.4 Gigabyte Flight Data Recorder are included.
This text integrates engineering principles with real applications from a systems perspective, providing a framework for developing electronic instrumentation, from hand-held devices to consoles. It offers practical design solutions, describes the interactions, trade-offs, and priorities encountered and then gives specific examples. Written as a principle text for a senior design class, it also serves as a reference handbook for practicing engineers. While the focus is on projects often found in medium sized companies, many of the principles presented apply to larger companies as well.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 2nd International Joint Conference of the 10th Ibero-American Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IBERAMIA 2006, and the 18th Brazilian Artificial Intelligence Symposium, SBIA 2006. The book presents 62 revised full papers together with 4 invited lectures. Topical sections include AI in education and intelligent tutoring systems, autonomous agents and multiagent systems, computer vision and pattern recognition, evolutionary computation and artificial life, and more.
Advances such as 3-G mobile communications networks demonstrate the increasing capability of high-quality data transmission over wireless media. Adapting wireless functionality into instrument and sensor systems endows them with unmatched flexibility, robustness, and intelligence. Wireless Sensors and Instruments: Networks, Design, and Applications explains the principles, state-of-the-art technologies, and modern applications of this burgeoning field. From underlying concepts to practical applications, this book outlines all the necessary information to plan, design, and implement wireless instrumentation and sensor networks effectively and efficiently. The author covers the basics of instruments, measurement, sensor technology, communication systems, and networks along with the theory, methods, and components involved in digital and wireless instruments. Placing these technologies in context, the book also examines the principles, components, and techniques of modern communication systems followed by network standards, protocols, topologies, and security. Building on these discussions, the book uses examples to illustrate the practical aspects of constructing sensors and instruments. Finally, the author devotes the closing chapter to applications in a broad array of fields, including commercial, human health, and consumer products applications. Filled with up-to-date information and thorough coverage of fundamentals, Wireless Sensors and Instruments: Networks, Design, and Applications supplies critical, hands-on tools for efficiently, effectively, and immediately implementing advanced wireless systems.
Weighing in on the growth of innovative technologies, the adoption of new standards, and the lack of educational development as it relates to current and emerging applications, the third edition of Introduction to Instrumentation and Measurements uses the authors’ 40 years of teaching experience to expound on the theory, science, and art of modern instrumentation and measurements (I&M). What’s New in This Edition: This edition includes material on modern integrated circuit (IC) and photonic sensors, micro-electro-mechanical (MEM) and nano-electro-mechanical (NEM) sensors, chemical and radiation sensors, signal conditioning, noise, data interfaces, and basic digital signal processing (DSP), and upgrades every chapter with the latest advancements. It contains new material on the designs of micro-electro-mechanical (MEMS) sensors, adds two new chapters on wireless instrumentation and microsensors, and incorporates extensive biomedical examples and problems. Containing 13 chapters, this third edition: Describes sensor dynamics, signal conditioning, and data display and storage Focuses on means of conditioning the analog outputs of various sensors Considers noise and coherent interference in measurements in depth Covers the traditional topics of DC null methods of measurement and AC null measurements Examines Wheatstone and Kelvin bridges and potentiometers Explores the major AC bridges used to measure inductance, Q, capacitance, and D Presents a survey of sensor mechanisms Includes a description and analysis of sensors based on the giant magnetoresistive effect (GMR) and the anisotropic magnetoresistive (AMR) effect Provides a detailed analysis of mechanical gyroscopes, clinometers, and accelerometers Contains the classic means of measuring electrical quantities Examines digital interfaces in measurement systems Defines digital signal conditioning in instrumentation Addresses solid-state chemical microsensors and wireless instrumentation Introduces mechanical microsensors (MEMS and NEMS) Details examples of the design of measurement systems Introduction to Instrumentation and Measurements is written with practicing engineers and scientists in mind, and is intended to be used in a classroom course or as a reference. It is assumed that the reader has taken core EE curriculum courses or their equivalents.

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