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The rise of manufacturing intelligence is fuelling innovation in processes and products concerning a low environmental impact over the product’s lifecycle. Sustainable intelligent manufacturing is regarded as a manufacturing paradigm for the 21st century, in the move towards the next generation of manufacturing and processing technologies. The manufacturing industry has reached a turning point in its evolution and new business opportunities are emerging. With sustainable development arises the immense challenge of combining innovative ideas regarding design, materials and products with non-polluting processes and technologies, conserving energy and other natural resources. On the other hand, sustainability has become a key concern for government policies, businesses and the general public. Model cities are embracing novel ecosystems, combining environmental, social and economic issues in more inclusive and integrated frameworks. Green Design, Materials and Manufacturing Processes includes essential research in the field of sustainable intelligent manufacturing and related topics, making a significant contribution to further development of these fields. The volume contains reviewed papers presented at the 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Intelligent Manufacturing, conjointly organized by the Centre for Rapid and Sustainable Product Development, Polytechnic Institute of Leiria, and the Faculty of Architecture, Technical University of Lisbon, both in Portugal. This event was held at the facilities of the Faculty of Architecture, Lisbon, from June 26 to June 29, 2013. A wide range of topics is covered, such as Eco Design and Innovation, Energy Efficiency, Green and Smart Manufacturing, Green Transportation, Life-Cycle Engineering, Renewable Energy Technologies, Reuse and Recycling Techniques, Smart Design, Smart Materials, Sustainable Business Models and Sustainable Construction. Green Design, Materials and Manufacturing Processes is intended for engineers, architects, designers, economists and manufacturers who are actively engaged in the advancement of science and technology regarding key sustainability issues, leading to more suitable, efficient and sustainable products, materials and processes.
Written by an educator with close to 40 years of experience in developing and teaching design and manufacturing courses at the graduate and undergraduate levels, Green Design and Manufacturing for Sustainability integrates green design and manufacturing within the framework of sustainability, emphasizing cost, recyclables, and reuse. It includes the analytical techniques for cost minimization, reduction of material waste, and the reduction of energy consumption during the manufacturing process. The text introduces sustainability principles, then goes on to detail all aspects of green design, economics, feasible material selection, and relevant and efficient manufacturing processes. It highlights techniques such as life cycle cost assessment, reuse, and recyclables and showcases them with examples and problems solved. In addition, the author defines green mechanical design as the selection of materials, processes, and geometry that satisfies specified and implied environmental requirements. He stresses that for sustainability, social, environmental, and economic development must be integrated and balanced. Developed to bring environmental issues into the basics of mechanical component design and manufacture, the textbook brings together principles of environmentally conscious design and sustainable manufacture in a format with examples and problems that can be adapted for undergraduate classes. The carefully selected range of examples and exercises presented makes it easier to adopt into the engineering curriculum suitable for senior-level undergraduates as well as first-year graduates.
Describes 35 ecologically sound materials and processes
Designing for sustainability is an innovation shaping both the design industry and design education today.Yet architects, product designers, and other key professionals in this new field have so far lacked a resource that addresses their sensibilities and concerns. The Designer's Atlas of Sustainability now explores the basic principles, concepts, and practice of sustainable design in a visually sophisticated and engaging style. The book tackles not only the ecological aspects of sustainable design-designers' choice of materials and manufacturing processes have a tremendous impact on the natural world-but also the economic and cultural elements involved. The Atlas is neither a how-to manual nor collection of recipes for sustainable design, but a compendium of fresh approaches to sustainability that designers can incorporate into daily thinking and practice. Illuminating many facets of this exciting field, the book offers ideas on how to harmonize human and natural systems, and then explores practical options for making the business of design more supportive of long-term sustainability. An examination of the ethical dimensions of sustainable development in our public and private lives is the theme present throughout. Like other kinds of atlases, The Designer's Atlas of Sustainability illustrates its subject, but it goes far beyond its visual appeal, stimulating design solutions for "development that cultivates environmental and social conditions that will support human well-being indefinitely."
Sustainable development is a globally recognized mandate and it includes green or environment-friendly manufacturing practices. Such practices orchestrate with the self-healing and self-replenishing capability of natural ecosystems. Green manufacturing encompasses synthesis, processing, fabrication, and process optimization, but also testing, performance evaluation and reliability. The book shall serve as a comprehensive and authoritative resource on sustainable manufacturing of ceramics, metals and their composites. It is designed to capture the diversity and unity of methods and approaches to materials processing, manufacturing, testing and evaluation across disciplines and length scales. Each chapter incorporates in-depth technical information without compromising the delicate link between factual data and fundamental concepts or between theory and practice. Green and sustainable materials processing and manufacturing is designed as a key enabler of sustainable development. A one-stop compendium of new research and technology of green manufacturing of metals, ceramics and their composites In-depth cutting-edge treatment of synthesis, processing, fabrication, process optimization, testing, performance evaluation and reliability which are of critical importance to green manufacturing Stimulates fresh thinking and exchange of ideas and information on approaches to green materials processing across disciplines
Successful engineering design requires a strong understanding of fundamental concepts in the basic sciences and engineering combined with mathematics. This text provides an introduction to the design tools used in engineering design. It focuses on the first two steps of the design process: determination of need/problem clarification and conceptualization. In addition, an overview of materials and manufacturing methods is presented. The use of Excel has been incorporated throughout the text for performing routine calculations, leaving more time for the creative aspects of the design process. Finally, the text contains an extensive discussion of systematic concept generation using the theory of inventive problem solving, TRIZ. Below is a listing of the book's table of contents: 1. Engineering Design 1.1 Design 1.2 Engineering Design 1.3 Process Design 1.4 Overview of the Engineering Design Process 1.5 Design Reviews PART I ENGINEERING DESIGN AIDS 2. Management of the Design Process 2.1 Introduction to Project Management 2.2 Planning and Scheduling (includes discussion of work breakdown structures, design structure matrix, activity networks and Gantt charts). Provides an automated MS Excel-based project management workbook that incorporates all these tools). 2.2 Directing 3. Collaborative Design 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Conceptual Understanding of Teams and Team Development 3.3 Challenges: Conflict Management, Performance and Motivation 3.4 Communication 3.5 Potential Factors Impacting Team Performance 4. Engineering Communication: Reports and Oral Presentations 4.1 Introduction 4.2 The Formal Engineering Report 4.3 Plagiarism 4.4 Report Formats 4.5 Oral Presentations 4.6 Poster Presentations 5. Engineering Communication: Illustration and Solid Modeling 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Introduction to Digital Media 5.3 Technical Sketching and Solid Modeling 5.4 Working Drawings 5.5 Computer Generated Sketches for Documentation 6. Decision Making 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Rank Order: Pairwise Comparison Charts 6.3 Relative Order: Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) 6.4 Relative Order: Decision Matrices PART II THE ENGINEERING DESIGN PROCESS 7. Problem Definition and Determination of Need 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Problem Definition 7.3 Determination of Customer/Client Needs 7.4 Revised Problem Statement 8. Conceptualization I: External Search 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Patents and Patent Searches 8.3 Benchmarking 8.4 Product Dissection 8.5 Biomimicry 9. Conceptualization II: Internal Search and Concept Selection 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Internal Search (Includes discussion on concept generation methods such as brain storming and its variations, Delphi method, synetics, checklists, scamper and morphological charts). 9.3 Concept Selection (Use of Pugh charts and decision matrices) 10. Systematic Innovation with TRIZ 10.1 Introduction 10.2 Simplified Steps for Application of TRIZ tools 10.3 Analyzing the System and its Resources 10.4 The Ideal Final Result 10.5 The 40 Design Principles 10.6 Technical Contradictions and the Contradiction Matrix 10.7 Physical Contradictions PART III Overview of Materials and Manufacturing 11. Materials and Material Selection 11.1 Introduction 11.2 Materials and Material Selection 11.3 Mechanical Properties of Materials: Stress-Strain 11.4 Typical Mechanical Properties for Material Selection 11.5 Typical Thermal Properties for Material Selection 11.6 Typical Electrical Properties for Material Selection 11.7 Typical Manufacturing Properties for Material Selection 11.8 General Material Categories 11.9 Properties of Common Metals 11.10 Overview o
According to the NACFAM (National Council for Advanced Manufacturing USA) Sustainable Manufacturing is defined as the creation of manufactured products that use processes that are non-polluting, conserve energy and natural resources, and are economically sound and safe for employees, communities, and consumers. The book covers Sustainable Manufacturing techniques such as materials and manufacturing for renewable energies; clean manufacturing technology; ecological manufacturing; energy-efficient manufacturing; remanufacturing; recycling of materials; environmentally conscious design and manufacturing processes; sustainable advanced manufacturing systems; manufacturability in sustainable product design; education and training for sustainable manufacturing.

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