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The Alps, with their outstanding outcrop conditions, represent a superb natural laboratory for many geological processes, and have played a crucial role in the history of geology. This book gives an up-to-date and holistic overview of the key aspects of Alpine geology. After a brief presentation of the plate tectonic framework, the rock suites are discussed, starting with the pre-Triassic crystalline basement, followed by Paleozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic sedimentary sequences. The lithological description of the rock types is supplemented by a discussion of their paleogeographic and plate tectonic contexts. The book goes on to describe the structure of the Alps (including the Jura Mountains and the Alpine foreland to the north and south) illustrated by numerous cross-sections. The evolution of the Alps as a mountain chain incorporates a discussion of the Alpine metamorphic history and a compilation of orogenic timetables. The final sections cover the evolution of Alpine drainage patterns and the region’s glacial history. Readership: The book is essential reading for students and lecturers on Alpine courses and excursions, and all earth-scientists interested in the geology of the region.
The Alps are an arched mountain chain stretching 1500 km between Vienna and Graz in Austria and Genova in Italy. They resulted from the collision of the African and Laurasian plates during Mesozoic and Tertiary times. The high standard of knowledge attained over the last 30 years by the working groups on "Alpine Metamorphism" is well known and helped considerably to recognize pre-Mesozoic elements in the Alps. In Part I of this book the subdivision of the major Alpine units and pre-Mesozoic pal inspastic reconstructions are covered before discussion of the pre-Mesozoic geology in Parts II, III and IV It is understood that the Mesozoic and later events overprinted pre-existing structures veiling the earlier history and the nature of protoliths. Although the Alpine overprint does not facilitate the recognition of older struc tures, pre-Mesozoic basement units were recognized during the first beginnings of geological observations in the Alps, about 200 years ago. Fifty percent of the Alpine domain is underlain by basement units that have been unconformably covered since Permian and Mesozoic times. This basement appears today in a complex pattern among the Alpine structures. The history of their discovery and explanation, parallel with a growing sophistication of research methods, are the subject of the introductory chapter of Part II.
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 24. Chapters: Glarus thrust, Flims, Iberian plate, Wetterstein limestone, Elm, Switzerland, Molasse basin, Penninic, Austroalpine nappes, Betic corridor, Alpine orogeny, Gotthard nappe, Helvetic, Ha eg Island, Sesia zone, Periadriatic Seam, Aarmassif, External massif, Valais Ocean, Piemont-Liguria Ocean, Apulian Plate, Helvetic nappes, Piz Dolf, Southern Alps, Giudic rie line, Ringelspitz, B ndner schist, Piz Segnas, Greywacke zone, Ivrea zone, Lepontin dome, Brian onnais zone, Infrahelvetic complex, Hohe Tauern window, Dent Blanche nappe, Zermatt-Saas zone, Rh ne-Simplon line, Penninic thrustfront, M rtschenstock. Excerpt: The Alps form a part of a Tertiary orogenic belt of mountain chains, called the Alpide belt, that stretches through southern Europe and Asia from the Atlantic all the way to the Himalayas. This belt of mountain chains was formed during the Alpine orogeny. A gap in these mountain chains in central Europe separates the Alps from the Carpathians to the east. Orogeny took place continuously and tectonic subsidence has produced the gaps in between. The Alps arose as a result of the collision of the African and European tectonic plates, in which the Alpine Tethys, which was formerly in between these continents, disappeared. Enormous stress was exerted on sediments of the Alpine Tethys basin and its Mesozoic and early Cenozoic strata were pushed against the stable Eurasian landmass by the northward-moving African landmass. Most of this occurred during the Oligocene and Miocene epochs. The pressure formed great recumbent folds, or nappes, that rose out of what had become the Alpine Tethys and pushed northward, often breaking and sliding one over the other to form gigantic thrust faults. Crystalline basement rocks, which are exposed in the higher central regions, are the rocks forming Mont Blanc, the Matterhorn, and hi...
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 68. Chapters: Geology of the Alps, Climate of the Alps, Swiss Alps, History of the Alps, Exploration of the High Alps, Mont Blanc Tunnel, Albula Railway, Bernina Railway, List of mountains of the Alps, Alpine Convention, Glacier Express, Geography of the Alps, Alpine Space Programme - European Territorial Cooperation 2007-2013, Patrouille des Glaciers, Haute Route, Wengernalpbahn, Transhumance in the Alps, Jungfraubahn, Bernina Express, Alpine Club, Italian Julian Alps, Flims Rockslide, SOIUSA, List of tunnels in the Alps, Alpine Club classification of the Eastern Alps, List of ski resorts in the German Alps, Frejus Rail Tunnel, Alpine Club Guide, Frejus Road Tunnel, Swiss Alpine Museum, Flora of the Alps, Golden age of alpinism, Piz Gloria, Swiss Alpine Club, Alpenstock, Hannibal crossing the Alps, Alpine Ski Club, Great north faces of the Alps, Biellese Prealps, Konkordiaplatz, Swiss National Park, Alpine distress signal, Alpine Club Museum, Luftseilbahn Wengen-Mannlichen, Almabtrieb, Silver age of alpinism, Gondelbahn Grindelwald-Mannlichen, Limestone Alps, Route des Grandes Alpes, Arno Trail, Alpine foothills, Alpine states, Baita, Sigriswiler Rothorn, 1954 Blons avalanches, Dammkarwurm, List of national parks in the Alps, Comunis, Frejus Tunnel, Le Rochail.
Concerne en grande partie les Alpes valaisannes et les Alpes vaudoises.

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