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Since it was first recognized as a mineral admixture for concrete in the 1930's, fly ash has been the subject of worldwide study as researchers work to maximize its economical and environmental benefits. In recent years, investigations have focused on the physical, chemical and mineralogical characteristics of fly ash and their specific correlation to the performance of concrete. This book collects the latest results from these various studies and offers a complete review of the advantages of fly ash as an admixture in concrete, including strength development and improved chemical resistance and durability. A review of the current international standards on fly ash usage is provided, in addition to an extensive reference list and a complete survey of various other fly ash products, such as bricks, mineral wool and gypsum wall boards, as well as the use of fly ash in waste management.
This book is a state-of-the-art report which documents current knowledge on the properties of fly ash in concrete and the use of fly ash in construction. It includes RILEM Recommendations on fly ash in concrete and a comprehensive bibliography including over 800 references.
Keywords: Concrete, Fly Ash, Supplementary Cementitious Materials, Maturity, Pullout Test.
This synthesis summarizes available information concerning the use of fly ash in hydraulic-cement concrete, and attempts to establish consensus concerning a number of applications relating to highway construction. Fly ash marketing procedures are briefly reviewed, and the amount of fly ash now being used is summarized. The results are reported of a questionnaire survey of the status of the use of fly ash concrete (FAC) in each state of the U.S. and the provinces of Canada. There is an increase in FAC use since 1980. This trend is aided by the development of a flyash industry. Trends also indicate a developing technology that will be oriented around performance of the hydraulic cement concrete. Currently, most states view the proportioning of of FAC from the standpoint of the amount of portland cement to be replaced by the fly ash and have maximum replacement limits. It has been noted that the same fly ash with different cements may react differently and develop different early and ultimate strengths. The need is emphasized for preliminary tests to establish optimum proportioning of ingredients in the concrete using materials from the sources to be supplied to the job.