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Draws on the languages of biology and mathematics to outline the mathematical principles according to which life evolves in an intriguing study that makes a clear and compelling case for understanding every living system in terms of evolutionary dynamics.
This book presents the latest research and theory about organizational evolutionary change. It brings together the work of organization theorists who have played key roles in challenging the orthodox adaptation views that prevailed until the beginning of the 1980s. Joel A.C. Baum and Jitendra V. Singh emphasize hierarchy of evolutionary processes at the intraorganizational level, the organizational level, the population level, and the community level. Derived from a conference held at the Stern School of Business at New York University, Evolutionary Dynamics of Organizations is organized in a way that gives order and coherence to what has been a diverse and multidisciplinary field.
An analysis of standard evolutionary dynamics adapted to extensive form games.
Presents a careful account of the results of a research project which began in 1973 and ran continuously for eleven years. Treats the ecology, behavior and genetics of a population still resident where it evolved, and small enough to permit the identification of every individual. Beautifully produce
This book presents a wide range of research on these cross-cutting topics. The workshop out of which they came brought together physicists and computer scientists, on the one hand, and molecular, developmental, and macro-evolutionary biologists, on the other. The dialogue that emerges from the collection as a whole sheds new light on the richness and difficulty of evolutionary dynamics."--BOOK JACKET.
Drawing on the middle chapters from the first edition of J. Barkley Rosser's seminal work, From Catastrophe to Chaos, this book presents an unusual perspective on economics and economic analysis. Current economic theory largely depends upon assuming that the world is fundamentally continuous. However, an increasing amount of economic research has been done using approaches that allow for discontinuities such as catastrophe theory, chaos theory, synergetics, and fractal geometry. The spread of such approaches across a variety of disciplines of thought has constituted a virtual intellectual revolution in recent years. This book reviews the applications of these approaches in various subdisciplines of economics and draws upon past economic thinkers to develop an integrated view of economics as a whole from the perspective of inherent discontinuity.
Eukaryotic genomes vary remarkably in size even between closely related species. This variation reflects a balance between mechanisms that expand and contract genomes, and which vary in their magnitude during evolution. While much is known about mechanisms that affect genome size expansion, particularly the effects of transposable elements (TEs), less is known concerning deletional mechanisms and the rates and scales at which they operate. The goal of this thesis was to extend our understanding of genome size evolution by studying diploid Gossypium species that vary twofold in genome size as well as their polyploid derivative, and using a phylogenetic approach employing as an outgroup Gossypioides kirkii. We assessed the rates and mechanisms operating in four Gossypium genomes: the two co-resident genomes of the allopolyploid G. hirsutum and its model diploid progenitors, G. arboreum and G. raimondii. Two BAC-sized regions of the cotton genome were sequenced and analyzed with respect to the mechanisms that alter genome size, and rates of sequence change (insertions, deletions, and net) were calculated for each region and genome. These regions were similar in that they both represent gene islands with extraordinary conservation of intergenic space; however, the regions did differ in terms of amount of genome size change. Whereas the first region showed no signs of the twofold genome size difference characterizing the species, the second region mirrored this difference, as the smaller genomes were represented by half the amount of sequence as the larger genomes. Notably, while still gene dense, this region had nearly half the gene density of the previous region. Analysis of the mechanisms responsible for shaping these regions led to several conclusions. First, genome size change is attributable to many mechanisms, some of which are unknown. Second, while TEs had the greatest impact on genome size differences, other mechanisms, such as intra-strand homologous recombination, played key roles as well. Finally, genomes of diploid Gossypium species have experienced growth, whereas the polyploid has experienced contraction; however, the rates and direction of change vary between regions and over time.

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