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Child abuse cases with hard-to-prove allegations pose challenges for all those who seek to protect the welfare of children. Helping courts, evaluators, guardians, and lawyers understand and work with difficult cases, Equivocal Child Abuse brings together insights, experience, and guidance from multiple sources to minimize unnecessary harm done to children and families. Exploring all facets of case management, the book discusses: Legal concepts and theory, the history of guardians ad litem, and the complexity of the processes involved in legal decision making How different court systems operate, the path of a case, and the roles of participants in custody cases The investigative process, the evaluation of report credibility, the use of videotape, perspectives of child custody evaluators, and sample investigations The testimony of expert witnesses, evaluators, guardians ad litem, and treating professionals; and the rules of evidence Hazards practitioners face in domestic relations and custody cases, including licensing issues, civil suit actions, and personal safety concerns Intervention options, such as supervised visitation, therapy for children, and mediation Mental health issues in case participants, including borderline personality disorder, narcissistic and related personality patterns, affective disorders, and substance abuse A working model for the forensic evaluator, with instructions on conducting the evaluation and reportage Filled with case studies to elucidate concepts, the book also contains appendices with recommended guidelines for interviewing children in cases of alleged sexual abuse, a line-by-line expert critique of a child interview, and other tools, making this volume a critical resource for all those who contend with these complex cases.
Although considerable research has focused on the negative impact of child abuse and neglect (Briere & Runtz, 1989; Ney, Fung, & Wickett, 1994; Smetana, Toth, Cicchetti, Bruce, Kane, & Daddis, 1999), methodological limitations often make it difficult to fully understand the impact of experiencing these events. Often, types of abuse are grouped together or only one type is examined. In addition, although aggression has been linked to certain types of abuse, inconsistent findings surround the abuse-aggression relationship. The present study extended previous work in this area by assessing each type of abuse (CPA, CSA, and neglect) on aggression (outward aggression and aggression toward self), the impact of experiencing multiple forms of abuse, and the interaction of gender and abuse history on aggression. The present study utilized data from a sample of adult psychiatric inpatients (N=177). Results show that CSA was most closely linked to aggression toward self; however no other findings linked CPA or neglect to either form of aggression. Among those who experienced abuse, those experiencing 2 or more types were associated with more aggression toward self. Finally, females, but not males, who experienced CSA reported more aggression toward self. In addition, males, but not females, who experienced neglect reported more outward aggression. Reasons for the findings are discussed as well as limitations, clinical implication, and directions for future research.
A Comprehensive Review of the Social Science Literature Associated with these Difficult Cases. CHAPTERS ON: Sexual Abuse in Divorce (Said), Special Features of Children's Memory, Sixth Amendment Issues (Confrontation), Transcripts of Children's Testimony, Relevant Supreme Court Decisions, Psychological Test Reports, Psychological Tests & Interview Techniques, Transcripts of Psychologist's Testimony, The Medical Examination. EXTENSIVE DISCUSSIONS OF: Is There A Sex Offender Profile? Are Sex Offenders Treatable? Do Children Always Tell The Truth? Does Testifying Traumatize The Child? At What Age Is A Child Competent? PREPARED FOR: Interested Public, Mental Health Workers, Attorneys & Paralegals, Police Investigators, Students In All Of These Fields. "All Points of View Are Represented."--Walter Simon, MSW, LCSW "An Outstanding Compendium of Available Research."--Gordon G. Wilson, Ph.D., ABEPP. "Must Congratulate You On An Outstanding Job."--Josiah Dodds, Ph.D. Denver University.
Of all children reported to child protective services for suspected maltreatment in any form, the percentage of substantiated cases of actual physical abuse is quite small. There are a number of dermatological or radiologically demonstrable musculoskeletal lesions that have been, or could be mistaken for, intentional physical abuse by the inexperienced or untrained observer. Child Abuse and Its Mimics in Skin and Bone illustrates the classic manifestations of physical abuse by dermatological and radiological examination as a standard against which the mimickers of physical abuse can be compared. Beginning with a historical perspective on child abuse, the book explores manifestations of superficial and musculoskeletal trauma in children. It examines conditions often mistaken for child abuse, ranging from rubella to leukemia and bowing deformities to vitamin A intoxication, as well as a plethora of dermatological conditions that can mimic signs of physical abuse. Designed for a broad spectrum of individuals who may first encounter a possibly abused child, the book presents hundreds of photos—many in color—and examples collected by the authors over their years of experience in their respective fields. Where appropriate, the authors provide pertinent historical, physical, and laboratory information in support of the diagnosis. With the combined insight of top experts in forensic radiology and dermatology, this volume enables clinicians and others confronted with cases involving these conditions to avoid a rush to judgment that could wreak havoc in a family and quite possibly delay needed treatment for an actual medical condition.
To assist investigators and prosecutors, APRI’s National Center for Prosecution of Child Abuse—the nation’s premiere trainer of child abuse prosecutors and investigators—presents the Investigation and Prosecution of Child Abuse, Third Edition. Readers of this manual will receive practical, common sense assistance in handling child abuse cases from the initial report to the closing argument at trial. Appendices on the enclosed CD-ROM include hundreds of sample motions and other legal documents that can be adapted to the jurisdiction of individual readers. Now in its Third Edition, the manual contains the latest in case law and research on nearly every facet of child sexual abuse, physical abuse and neglect. This is the only book on the market specifically geared to investigators and prosecutors called upon to handle abuse cases.
Originally published: New York: Aldine de Gruyter, c1994, in series: Modern applications of social work.
More than two million child abuse reports are filed annually on behalf of children in the United States. Each of the reported children becomes a concern, at least temporarily, of the professional who files the report, and each family is assessed by additional professionals. A substantial number of children in these families will subsequently enter foster care. Until now, the relationships between the performance of our child welfare system and the growth and outcomes of foster care have not been understood. In an effort to clarify them, Barth and his colleagues have synthesized the results of their longitudinal study in California of the paths taken by children after the initial abuse report: foster care, a return to their homes, or placement for adoption. Because the outcomes of child welfare services in California have national significance, this is far more than a regional study. It provides a comprehensive picture of children's experiences in the child welfare system, and a gauge of the effectiveness of that system. The policy implications of the California study have bearing on major federal and state initiatives to prevent child abuse and reduce unnecessary foster and group home care.

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