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This text, now in its second edition, continues to provide a balanced practical treatment of polymers, ceramics, and composites, covering all their physical properties as well as applications in industry. The text puts emphasis on developing an understanding of properties, characteristics and specifications of non-metallic engineering materials and focusing on the techniques for controlling their properties during processing. It provides students with the knowledge they need to make optimal selection and use of these materials in a variety of manufacturing applications. The book focuses on structure-properties correlation of materials as it forms the basis for predicting their behaviour during processing and service conditions. The text also discusses the recently developed advanced materials. Each chapter includes the questions of fundamental importance and industrial significance, along with their answers. This book is especially designed for Metallurgical and Materials Science students for a course in non-metallic engineering materials. Besides it should prove useful for the students of other engineering disciplines where materials science/materials engineering is offered as a compulsory course. NEW TO THIS EDITION : Addition of a new chapter on Ceramics—A Material for Biomedical Applications (Chapter 5) Inclusion of a number of questions and their answers in Chapters 2, 3 and 4, modifications of existing figures and the inclusion of new ones. Incorporation of plenty of numerical problem related to polymers, ceramics and composites.
The third edition of Krishan Chawla's widely used textbook, Composite Materials, offers integrated and completely up-to-date coverage of composite materials. The book focuses on the triad of processing, structure, and properties, while providing a well-balanced treatment of the materials science and mechanics of composites. In this edition of Composite Materials, revised and updated throughout, increasing use of composites in industry (especially aerospace and energy) and new developments in the field are highlighted. There is a new chapter on non-conventional composites, which covers polymer, metal and ceramic matrix nanocomposites, self-healing composites, self-reinforced composites, biocomposites and laminates made of metals and polymer matrix composites. The third edition, featuring all figures in color, also includes new solved examples and problems as well as increased coverage of: Carbon/carbon brakes. Composites for civilian aircraft and jet engines. Second generation high-temperature superconducting composites. Composites for use in windmill blades. WC/metal particulate composites. Examples of practical applications in various fields are given throughout the book, and extensive references to the literature are provided. The book is intended for use in graduate and upper-division undergraduate courses, and as a reference for the practicing engineers and researchers in industry and academia.
Designed for the general engineering student, Introduction to Engineering Materials, Second Edition focuses on materials basics and provides a solid foundation for the non-materials major to understand the properties and limitations of materials. Easy to read and understand, it teaches the beginning engineer what to look for in a particular material, offers examples of materials usage, and presents a balanced view of theory and science alongside the practical and technical applications of material science. Completely revised and updated, this second edition describes the fundamental science needed to classify and choose materials based on the limitations of their properties in terms of temperature, strength, ductility, corrosion, and physical behavior. The authors emphasize materials processing, selection, and property measurement methods, and take a comparative look at the mechanical properties of various classes of materials. Chapters include discussions of atomic structure and bonds, imperfections in crystalline materials, ceramics, polymers, composites, electronic materials, environmental degradation, materials selection, optical materials, and semiconductor processing. Filled with case studies to bring industrial applications into perspective with the material being discussed, the text also includes a pictorial approach to illustrate the fabrication of a composite. Consolidating relevant topics into a logical teaching sequence, Introduction to Engineering Materials, Second Edition provides a concise source of useful information that can be easily translated to the working environment and prepares the new engineer to make educated materials selections in future industrial applications.
The complete guide to understanding and using lasers in material processing! Lasers are now an integral part of modern society, providing extraordinary opportunities for innovation in an ever-widening range of material processing and manufacturing applications. The study of laser material processing is a core element of many materials and manufacturing courses at undergraduate and postgraduate level. As a consequence, there is now a vast amount of research on the theory and application of lasers to be absorbed by students, industrial researchers, practising engineers and production managers. Written by an acknowledged expert in the field with over twenty years' experience in laser processing, John Ion distils cutting-edge information and research into a single key text. Essential for anyone studying or working with lasers, Laser Processing of Engineering Materials provides a clear explanation of the underlying principles, including physics, chemistry and materials science, along with a framework of available laser processes and their distinguishing features and variables. This book delivers the knowledge needed to understand and apply lasers to the processing of engineering materials, and is highly recommended as a valuable guide to this revolutionary manufacturing technology. * The first single volume text that treats this core engineering subject in a systematic manner * Covers the principles, practice and application of lasers in all contemporary industrial processes; packed with examples, materials data and analysis, and modelling techniques * Accompanied by extensive examination questions plus a companion website with instructor's solutions manual
Cellular solids include engineering honeycombs and foams (which can now be made from polymers, metals, ceramics, and composites) as well as natural materials, such as wood, cork, and cancellous bone. This new edition of a classic work details current understanding of the structure and mechanical behavior of cellular materials, and the ways in which they can be exploited in engineering design. Gibson and Ashby have brought the book completely up to date, including new work on processing of metallic and ceramic foams and on the mechanical, electrical and acoustic properties of cellular solids. Data for commercially available foams are presented on material property charts; two new case studies show how the charts are used for selection of foams in engineering design. Over 150 references appearing in the literature since the publication of the first edition are cited. It will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in materials science and engineering.
After an introductory chapter, the processing, microstructure, and properties of various ceramic materials, reinforcements, and their composites are described. A separate chapter is devoted to processing of ceramic reinforcements, with a special emphasis on fibers. Processing of ceramic matrix composites is the next chapter, which includes novel techniques such as sol-gel processing and ceramics from polymeric precursors. The next four chapters cover the subjects of interface region in ceramic composites, mechanical and physical properties, and the role of thermal stresses and the important subject of toughness enhancement. Laminated composites made of ceramics are described in a separate chapter. Finally, a chapter is devoted to various applications of ceramic matrix composites. Throughout the text, the underlying relationships between the components of the triad: processing, microstructure, and properties are brought out. An exhaustive list of references and suggested reading is provided.
Understanding materials, their properties and behavior is fundamental to engineering design, and a key application of materials science. Written for all students of engineering, materials science and design, this book describes the procedures for material selection in mechanical design in order to ensure that the most suitable materials for a given application are identified from the full range of materials and section shapes available. Extensively revised for this fourth edition, Materials Selection in Mechanical Design is recognized as one of the leading materials selection texts, and provides a unique and genuinely innovative resource. Features new to this edition * Material property charts now in full color throughout * Significant revisions of chapters on engineering materials, processes and process selection, and selection of material and shape while retaining the book's hallmark structure and subject content * Fully revised chapters on hybrid materials and materials and the environment * Appendix on data and information for engineering materials fully updated * Revised and expanded end-of-chapter exercises and additional worked examples Materials are introduced through their properties; materials selection charts (also available on line) capture the important features of all materials, allowing rapid retrieval of information and application of selection techniques. Merit indices, combined with charts, allow optimization of the materials selection process. Sources of material property data are reviewed and approaches to their use are given. Material processing and its influence on the design are discussed. New chapters on environmental issues, industrial engineering and materials design are included, as are new worked examples, exercise materials and a separate, online Instructor's Manual. New case studies have been developed to further illustrate procedures and to add to the practical implementation of the text. * The new edition of the leading materials selection text, now with full color material property charts * Includes significant revisions of chapters on engineering materials, processes and process selection, and selection of material and shape while retaining the book's hallmark structure and subject content * Fully revised chapters on hybrid materials and materials and the environment * Appendix on data and information for engineering materials fully updated * Revised and expanded end-of-chapter exercises and additional worked examples

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