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Construction Mathematics is an introductory level mathematics text, written specifically for students of construction and related disciplines. Learn by tackling exercises based on real-life construction maths. Examples include: costing calculations, labour costs, cost of materials and setting out of building components. Suitable for beginners and easy to follow throughout. Learn the essential basic theory along with the practical necessities. The second edition of this popular textbook is fully updated to match new curricula, and expanded to include even more learning exercises. End of chapter exercises cover a range of theoretical as well as practical problems commonly found in construction practice, and three detailed assignments based on practical tasks give students the opportunity to apply all the knowledge they have gained. Construction Mathematics addresses all the mathematical requirements of Level 2 construction NVQs from City & Guilds/CITB and Edexcel courses, including the BTEC First Diploma in Construction. Additional coverage of the core unit Mathematics in Construction and the Built Environment from BTEC National Construction, Civil Engineering and Building Services courses makes this an essential revision aid for students who do not have Level 2 mathematics experience before commencing their BTEC National studies. This is also the ideal primer for any reader who wishes to refresh their mathematics knowledge before going into a construction HNC or BSc.
Mathematics is generally considered as the only science where knowledge is uni form, universal, and free from contradictions. „Mathematics is a social product - a 'net of norms', as Wittgenstein writes. In contrast to other institutions - traffic rules, legal systems or table manners -, which are often internally contradictory and are hardly ever unrestrictedly accepted, mathematics is distinguished by coherence and consensus. Although mathematics is presumably the discipline, which is the most differentiated internally, the corpus of mathematical knowledge constitutes a coher ent whole. The consistency of mathematics cannot be proved, yet, so far, no contra dictions were found that would question the uniformity of mathematics" (Heintz, 2000, p. 11). The coherence of mathematical knowledge is closely related to the kind of pro fessional communication that research mathematicians hold about mathematical knowledge. In an extensive study, Bettina Heintz (Heintz 2000) proposed that the historical development of formal mathematical proof was, in fact, a means of estab lishing a communicable „code of conduct" which helped mathematicians make themselves understood in relation to the truth of mathematical statements in a co ordinated and unequivocal way.
Generously illustrated with real-world problems based on the authors' actual experience in the building field, this book first covers the fundamental mathematics necessary to a broad range of both life and building construction skills; then covers mathematical matters of direct concern to the builder, in the same logical and sequential process as required in the construction process itself. Problems include step-by-step summary explanations of their solutions, with the necessary steps highlighted and enclosed for easy identification. Features an appendix of home plans and houses actually built by the author. Whole Numbers. Fractions. Decimal Fractions. Weights, Measures and Conversions. Ratio and Proportion. Percents. Angles and Triangles. Areas and Perimeters. Volume and Surface Area of Solids. The Metric System. Board Measure. Lumber Pricing. Footings, Foundations, and Slabs. Girders, Sill Plates, Bridging, Floor Joists, and Floor Covering. Wall Framing. Roofs I: Common Rafters. Introduction to the Framing Square. Overhangs. Roofs II: Rafters--The Conventional Case. Roofs III: Valley Rafters--The Conventional Case. Roof IV: Jack Rafters. Roofs V: Hip and Valley Rafters--The Unconventional Cases. Stairs. Framing and Covering Gable Ends; Exterior Trim. Wall and Roof Covering. The Estimating Process. For Construction Supervisors, Building Contractors, carpentry/building construction apprentices, unions, trade school students.
This volume constitutes the proceedings of the Third International Conference on the Mathematics of Program Construction, held at Kloster Irsee, Germany in July 1995. Besides five invited lectures by distinguished researchers there are presented 19 full revised papers selected from a total of 58 submissions. The general theme is the use of crisp, clear mathematics in the discovery and design of algorithms and in the development of corresponding software and hardware; among the topics addressed are program transformation, program analysis, program verification, as well as convincing case studies.
The papers included in this volume were presented at the Conference on Mathematics of Program Construction held from June 26 to 30, 1989. The conference was organized by the Department of Computing Science, Groningen University, The Netherlands, at the occasion of the University's 375th anniversary. The creative inspiration of the modern computer has led to the development of new mathematics, the mathematics of program construction. Initially concerned with the posterior verification of computer programs, the mathematics have now matured to the point where they are actively being used for the discovery of elegant solutions to new programming problems. Initially concerned specifically with imperative programming, the application of mathematical methodologies is now established as an essential part of all programming paradigms - functional, logic and object-oriented programming, modularity and type structure etc. Initially concerned with software only, the mathematics are also finding fruit in hardware design so that the traditional boundaries between the two disciplines have become blurred. The varieties of mathematics of program construction are wide-ranging. They include calculi for the specification of sequential and concurrent programs, program transformation and analysis methodologies, and formal inference systems for the construction and analysis of programs. The mathematics of specification, implementation and analysis have become indispensable tools for practical programming.

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