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Living in biofilms is the common way of life of microorganisms, transiently immobilized in their matrix of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), interacting in many ways and using the matrix as an external digestion and protection system. This is how they have organized their life in the environment, in the medical context and in technical systems – and has helped make them the oldest, most successful and ubiquitous form of life. In this book, hot spots in current biofilm research are presented in critical and sometimes provocative chapters. This serves a twofold purpose: to provide an overview and to inspire further discussions. Above all, the book seeks to stimulate lateral thinking.
A synthesis of concepts and examples of how physiological processes influence seaweed communities worldwide, authored by experts in the field.
This book presents the current state of research on the basic scientific aspects of root canal biofilm biology within a clinically applicable context. Root canal biofilms are complex polymicrobial structures adhering to the root canal surface that are formed by microorganisms invading the pulpal space of teeth, and are associated with persistent root canal infections. Concerted efforts to study root canal biofilms have been made in the past decade, resulting in the publication of observational and experimental studies that detail the morphology and biology of these structures in infected root canals. In addition to confirming that bacteria in root canals do not exist in free-floating planktonic states as previously assumed, this new information on root canal biofilm infections has provided an opportunity to re-evaluate conventional clinical protocols and improve endodontic therapeutic measures.
This book provides a survey of recent advances in the development of antibiofilm agents for clinical and environmental applications. The fact that microbes exist in structured communities called biofilms has slowly become accepted within the medical community. We now know that over 80% of all infectious diseases are biofilm-related; however, significant challenges still lie in our ability to diagnose and treat these extremely recalcitrant infections. Written by experts from around the globe, this book offers a valuable resource for medical professionals seeking to treat biofilm-related disease, academic and industry researchers interested in drug discovery and instructors who teach courses on microbial pathogenesis and medical microbiology.
Seit Inkrafttreten der neuen Trinkwasserverordnung am 1. November 2011 muss Trinkwasser aus gewerblich genutzten Installationen jährlich untersucht werden. In dem Band werden neueste Forschungsergebnisse, aktuelle Richtlinien, Normen und Gesetze für die Planung hygienegerechter Anlagen vorgestellt. Die Autoren liefern kommentierte Berechnungsbeispiele, sie diskutieren die Ursachen für mikrobiologisch kontaminierte Altanlagen sowie deren Sanierung und erläutern die rechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen für Planung, Ausschreibung und Anlagenbetrieb.
Mit zunehmender Komplexität der Haustechnik sind in Planungsprozessen von öffentlich-gewerblichen wie auch privaten Bauvorhaben – unabhängig von Größe und Investitionsvolumen – immer häufiger kontraproduktive Wechselwirkungen zwischen den Gewerken beziehungsweise den Systemen festzustellen. Die einzelnen Planungsziele – wie die der Betriebssicherheit und Energieeffizienz, des Erhalts der Trinkwassergüte oder des vorbeugenden Brandschutzes – sind gerade in fortgeschrittenen Planungsphasen oft nur noch mit erheblichen Mehrkosten und Zeitverzug zu synchronisieren! Das vorliegende Fachbuch vermittelt ein Grundverständnis von integralen Planungsprozessen und zeigt auf, wie schon in der Frühphase einer Projektkonzeption Zielkonflikte zwischen den Gewerken erfolgreich vermieden oder zumindest minimiert werden können. Zahlreiche Praxisbeispiele erläutern dem Fachingenieur potenziell risikobehaftete Schnittstellen. Schließlich werden auf Basis aktueller Gesetze und Regelwerke sowie neuester Erkenntnisse aus Forschung und Lehre zahlreiche Tipps für die alltägliche Planungspraxis gegeben.
This book details the widely accepted hypothesis that the majority of bacteria in virtually all ecosystems grow in matrix-enclosed biofilms. The author, who first proposed this biofilm hypothesis, uses direct evidence from microscopy and from molecular techniques, arguing cogently for moving beyond conventional culture methods that dominated microbiology in the last century. Bacteria grow predominantly in biofilms in natural, engineered, and pathogenic ecosystems; this book provides a solid basis for the understanding of bacterial processes in environmental, industrial, agricultural, dental and medical microbiology. Using a unique "ecological" perspective, the author explores the commensal and pathogenic colonization of human organ systems.

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