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Algorithmically Specialized Parallel Computers focuses on the concept and characteristics of an algorithmically specialized computer. This book discusses the algorithmically specialized computers, algorithmic specialization using VLSI, and innovative architectures. The architectures and algorithms for digital signal, speech, and image processing and specialized architectures for numerical computations are also elaborated. Other topics include the model for analyzing generalized inter-processor, pipelined architecture for search tree maintenance, and specialized computer organization for raster graphics display. The data base applications of the FETCH-AND-ADD instruction, distributed parallel architecture for speech understanding, and two parallel formulations of particle-in-cell models are likewise covered in this text. This publication is suitable for students, researchers and professionals concerned with algorithmically specialized computers.
This book presents an extensive survey of the state-of-the-art research in parallel computational algorithms and architectures for robot manipulator control and simulation. It deals not only with specifics but also includes general and broader issues which serve as a useful foundation to the topic. The educational flavor of the book makes it a necessary resource for researchers, engineers and students wanting to be familiarized with the potential offered by the application of parallel processing to robotic problems, and its current issues and trends.
The use of parallel programming and architectures is essential for simulating and solving problems in modern computational practice. There has been rapid progress in microprocessor architecture, interconnection technology and software devel- ment, which are in?uencing directly the rapid growth of parallel and distributed computing. However, in order to make these bene?ts usable in practice, this dev- opment must be accompanied by progress in the design, analysis and application aspects of parallel algorithms. In particular, new approaches from parallel num- ics are important for solving complex computational problems on parallel and/or distributed systems. The contributions to this book are focused on topics most concerned in the trends of today’s parallel computing. These range from parallel algorithmics, progr- ming, tools, network computing to future parallel computing. Particular attention is paid to parallel numerics: linear algebra, differential equations, numerical integ- tion, number theory and their applications in computer simulations, which together form the kernel of the monograph. We expect that the book will be of interest to scientists working on parallel computing, doctoral students, teachers, engineers and mathematicians dealing with numerical applications and computer simulations of natural phenomena.
There is a software gap between the hardware potential and the performance that can be attained using today's software parallel program development tools. The tools need manual intervention by the programmer to parallelize the code. Programming a parallel computer requires closely studying the target algorithm or application, more so than in the traditional sequential programming we have all learned. The programmer must be aware of the communication and data dependencies of the algorithm or application. This book provides the techniques to explore the possible ways to program a parallel computer for a given application.
The Austrian Center for Parallel Computation (ACPC) is a cooperative research organization founded in 1989 to promote research and education in the field of software for parallel computer systems. The areas in which the ACPC is active include algorithms, languages, compilers, programming environments, and applications for parallel and high-performance computing systems. This volume contains the proceedings of the Second International Conference of the ACPC, held in Gmunden, Austria, October 1993. Authors from 17 countries submitted 44 papers, of which 15 were selected for inclusion in this volume, which also includes 4 invited papers by distinguished researchers. The volume is organized into parts on architectures (2 papers), algorithms (7 papers), languages (6 papers), and programming environments (4 papers).
At last, a practitioner's guide to parallel programming! Students and professionals who use parallel or distributed computer systems will be able to solve real problems with Designing and Building Parallel Programs. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to parallel algorithm design, performance analysis, and program construction. It describes the tools needed to write parallel programs and provides numerous examples. A unique feature is the companion on-line version, accessible via the World Wide Web using browsers such as Mosaic. This provides a convenient hypertext version of the text with pointers to programming tools, example programs, and other resources on parallel and distributed computing.
Designing distributed computing systems is a complex process requiring a solid understanding of the design problems and the theoretical and practical aspects of their solutions. This comprehensive textbook covers the fundamental principles and models underlying the theory, algorithms and systems aspects of distributed computing. Broad and detailed coverage of the theory is balanced with practical systems-related issues such as mutual exclusion, deadlock detection, authentication, and failure recovery. Algorithms are carefully selected, lucidly presented, and described without complex proofs. Simple explanations and illustrations are used to elucidate the algorithms. Important emerging topics such as peer-to-peer networks and network security are also considered. With vital algorithms, numerous illustrations, examples and homework problems, this textbook is suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students of electrical and computer engineering and computer science. Practitioners in data networking and sensor networks will also find this a valuable resource. Additional resources are available online at