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Having evolved from Runde’s notes for an introductory topology course at the University of Alberta, this essential text provides a concise introduction to set-theoretic topology. In places, Runde’s text treats its material differently to other books on the subject, providing a fresh perspective.
This book, Algebraic Computability and Enumeration Models: Recursion Theory and Descriptive Complexity, presents new techniques with functorial models to address important areas on pure mathematics and computability theory from the algebraic viewpoint. The reader is first introduced to categories and functorial models, with Kleene algebra examples for languages. Functorial models for Peano arithmetic are described toward important computational complexity areas on a Hilbert program, leading to computability with initial models. Infinite language categories are also introduced to explain descriptive complexity with recursive computability with admissible sets and urelements. Algebraic and categorical realizability is staged on several levels, addressing new computability questions with omitting types realizably. Further applications to computing with ultrafilters on sets and Turing degree computability are examined. Functorial models computability is presented with algebraic trees realizing intuitionistic types of models. New homotopy techniques are applied to Marin Lof types of computations with model categories. Functorial computability, induction, and recursion are examined in view of the above, presenting new computability techniques with monad transformations and projective sets. This informative volume will give readers a complete new feel for models, computability, recursion sets, complexity, and realizability. This book pulls together functorial thoughts, models, computability, sets, recursion, arithmetic hierarchy, filters, with real tree computing areas, presented in a very intuitive manner for university teaching, with exercises for every chapter. The book will also prove valuable for faculty in computer science and mathematics.
This book is an introduction to a functorial model theory based on infinitary language categories. The author introduces the properties and foundation of these categories before developing a model theory for functors starting with a countable fragment of an infinitary language. He also presents a new technique for generating generic models with categories by inventing infinite language categories and functorial model theory. In addition, the book covers string models, limit models, and functorial models.
Fixed Point Theory, Variational Analysis, and Optimization not only covers three vital branches of nonlinear analysis—fixed point theory, variational inequalities, and vector optimization—but also explains the connections between them, enabling the study of a general form of variational inequality problems related to the optimality conditions involving differentiable or directionally differentiable functions. This essential reference supplies both an introduction to the field and a guideline to the literature, progressing from basic concepts to the latest developments. Packed with detailed proofs and bibliographies for further reading, the text: Examines Mann-type iterations for nonlinear mappings on some classes of a metric space Outlines recent research in fixed point theory in modular function spaces Discusses key results on the existence of continuous approximations and selections for set-valued maps with an emphasis on the nonconvex case Contains definitions, properties, and characterizations of convex, quasiconvex, and pseudoconvex functions, and of their strict counterparts Discusses variational inequalities and variational-like inequalities and their applications Gives an introduction to multi-objective optimization and optimality conditions Explores multi-objective combinatorial optimization (MOCO) problems, or integer programs with multiple objectives Fixed Point Theory, Variational Analysis, and Optimization is a beneficial resource for the research and study of nonlinear analysis, optimization theory, variational inequalities, and mathematical economics. It provides fundamental knowledge of directional derivatives and monotonicity required in understanding and solving variational inequality problems.
This textbook treats Lie groups, Lie algebras and their representations in an elementary but fully rigorous fashion requiring minimal prerequisites. In particular, the theory of matrix Lie groups and their Lie algebras is developed using only linear algebra, and more motivation and intuition for proofs is provided than in most classic texts on the subject. In addition to its accessible treatment of the basic theory of Lie groups and Lie algebras, the book is also noteworthy for including: a treatment of the Baker–Campbell–Hausdorff formula and its use in place of the Frobenius theorem to establish deeper results about the relationship between Lie groups and Lie algebras motivation for the machinery of roots, weights and the Weyl group via a concrete and detailed exposition of the representation theory of sl(3;C) an unconventional definition of semisimplicity that allows for a rapid development of the structure theory of semisimple Lie algebras a self-contained construction of the representations of compact groups, independent of Lie-algebraic arguments The second edition of Lie Groups, Lie Algebras, and Representations contains many substantial improvements and additions, among them: an entirely new part devoted to the structure and representation theory of compact Lie groups; a complete derivation of the main properties of root systems; the construction of finite-dimensional representations of semisimple Lie algebras has been elaborated; a treatment of universal enveloping algebras, including a proof of the Poincaré–Birkhoff–Witt theorem and the existence of Verma modules; complete proofs of the Weyl character formula, the Weyl dimension formula and the Kostant multiplicity formula. Review of the first edition: This is an excellent book. It deserves to, and undoubtedly will, become the standard text for early graduate courses in Lie group theory ... an important addition to the textbook literature ... it is highly recommended. — The Mathematical Gazette
This book offers readers a taste of the "unreasonable effectiveness" of Morse theory. It covers many of the most important topics in Morse theory along with applications. The book details topics such as Morse-Smale flows, min-max theory, moment maps and equivariant cohomology, and complex Morse theory. In addition, many examples, problems, and illustrations further enhance the value of this useful introduction to Morse Theory.

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