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Having evolved from Runde’s notes for an introductory topology course at the University of Alberta, this essential text provides a concise introduction to set-theoretic topology. In places, Runde’s text treats its material differently to other books on the subject, providing a fresh perspective.
This book is an introduction to a functorial model theory based on infinitary language categories. The author introduces the properties and foundation of these categories before developing a model theory for functors starting with a countable fragment of an infinitary language. He also presents a new technique for generating generic models with categories by inventing infinite language categories and functorial model theory. In addition, the book covers string models, limit models, and functorial models.
Fixed Point Theory, Variational Analysis, and Optimization not only covers three vital branches of nonlinear analysis—fixed point theory, variational inequalities, and vector optimization—but also explains the connections between them, enabling the study of a general form of variational inequality problems related to the optimality conditions involving differentiable or directionally differentiable functions. This essential reference supplies both an introduction to the field and a guideline to the literature, progressing from basic concepts to the latest developments. Packed with detailed proofs and bibliographies for further reading, the text: Examines Mann-type iterations for nonlinear mappings on some classes of a metric space Outlines recent research in fixed point theory in modular function spaces Discusses key results on the existence of continuous approximations and selections for set-valued maps with an emphasis on the nonconvex case Contains definitions, properties, and characterizations of convex, quasiconvex, and pseudoconvex functions, and of their strict counterparts Discusses variational inequalities and variational-like inequalities and their applications Gives an introduction to multi-objective optimization and optimality conditions Explores multi-objective combinatorial optimization (MOCO) problems, or integer programs with multiple objectives Fixed Point Theory, Variational Analysis, and Optimization is a beneficial resource for the research and study of nonlinear analysis, optimization theory, variational inequalities, and mathematical economics. It provides fundamental knowledge of directional derivatives and monotonicity required in understanding and solving variational inequality problems.
This textbook treats Lie groups, Lie algebras and their representations in an elementary but fully rigorous fashion requiring minimal prerequisites. In particular, the theory of matrix Lie groups and their Lie algebras is developed using only linear algebra, and more motivation and intuition for proofs is provided than in most classic texts on the subject. In addition to its accessible treatment of the basic theory of Lie groups and Lie algebras, the book is also noteworthy for including: a treatment of the Baker–Campbell–Hausdorff formula and its use in place of the Frobenius theorem to establish deeper results about the relationship between Lie groups and Lie algebras motivation for the machinery of roots, weights and the Weyl group via a concrete and detailed exposition of the representation theory of sl(3;C) an unconventional definition of semisimplicity that allows for a rapid development of the structure theory of semisimple Lie algebras a self-contained construction of the representations of compact groups, independent of Lie-algebraic arguments The second edition of Lie Groups, Lie Algebras, and Representations contains many substantial improvements and additions, among them: an entirely new part devoted to the structure and representation theory of compact Lie groups; a complete derivation of the main properties of root systems; the construction of finite-dimensional representations of semisimple Lie algebras has been elaborated; a treatment of universal enveloping algebras, including a proof of the Poincaré–Birkhoff–Witt theorem and the existence of Verma modules; complete proofs of the Weyl character formula, the Weyl dimension formula and the Kostant multiplicity formula. Review of the first edition: This is an excellent book. It deserves to, and undoubtedly will, become the standard text for early graduate courses in Lie group theory ... an important addition to the textbook literature ... it is highly recommended. — The Mathematical Gazette
This book offers readers a taste of the "unreasonable effectiveness" of Morse theory. It covers many of the most important topics in Morse theory along with applications. The book details topics such as Morse-Smale flows, min-max theory, moment maps and equivariant cohomology, and complex Morse theory. In addition, many examples, problems, and illustrations further enhance the value of this useful introduction to Morse Theory.
Introductory Probability is a pleasure to read and provides a fine answer to the question: How do you construct Brownian motion from scratch, given that you are a competent analyst? There are at least two ways to develop probability theory. The more familiar path is to treat it as its own discipline, and work from intuitive examples such as coin flips and conundrums such as the Monty Hall problem. An alternative is to first develop measure theory and analysis, and then add interpretation. Bhattacharya and Waymire take the second path.
ThetheoryofstronglycontinuoussemigroupsoflinearoperatorsonBanach spaces, operator semigroups for short, has become an indispensable tool in a great number of areas of modern mathematical analysis. In our Springer Graduate Text EN00] we presented this beautiful theory, together with many applications, and tried to show the progress made since the pub- cation in 1957 of the now classical monograph HP57] by E. Hille and R. Phillips. However, the wealth of results exhibited in our Graduate Text seems to have discouraged some of the potentially interested readers. With the present text we o?er a streamlined version that strictly sticks to the essentials. We have skipped certain parts, avoided the use of sophisticated arguments, and, occasionally, weakenedtheformulationofresultsandm- i?ed the proofs. However, to a large extent this book consists of excerpts taken from our Graduate Text, with some new material on positive se- groups added in Chapter VI. We hope that the present text will help students take their ?rst step into this interesting and lively research ?eld. On the other side, it should provide useful tools for the working mathematician. Acknowledgments This book is dedicated to our students. Without them we would not be able to do and to enjoy mathematics. Many of them read previous versions when it served as the text of our Seventh Internet Seminar 2003/04. Here Genni Fragnelli, Marc Preunkert and Mark C. Veraar were among the most active readers. Particular thanks go to Tanja Eisner, Vera Keicher, Agnes Radl for proposing considerable improvements in the ?nal versi

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